Background: The efficacy of lateral and escalation switch is a challenge in MS. We compared in a real-world setting the efficacy of switching to IFN beta-1a 44 mcg or to fingolimod in persons with relapsing remitting MS (pwRRMS) who failed with others injectable IFNs or glatiramer acetate. Research design and methods: retrospective analysis of 24 months prospectively-collected data at the MS center of the University of Catania, Italy was performed. Patients who were switched to IFN-beta 1a 44 mcg or fingolimod were analyzed using propensity-score covariate adjustment model within demographic (e.g. age and gender) and disease (e.g. timing of pre-switch relapse) characteristics. Switching-time was considered the starting-time of the observation. Results: 43 pwRRMS on IFN beta-1a 44 mcg and 49 pwRRMS on fingolimod were included. Baseline characteristics differed for EDSS score and number of T2 lesions (higher in group on fingolimod). At 24 months of follow up, both groups showed no differences in the survival curves of reaching a first new relapse, new T2 and Gd+ MRI brain lesions, even corrected for the propensity score covariate adjustment. Conclusions: lateral switch to IFN beta-1a 44 mcg and escalation switch to fingolimod showed same ability in influencing RRMS disease activity at 24 months.

Lateral switch to IFN beta-1a 44 mcg may be effective as escalation switch to fingolimod in selected persons with relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis: a real-world setting experience

D’Amico, E.;Patti, F.;ZANGHI', AURORA;Lo Fermo, S.;Chisari, C. G.;Zappia, M.
2018-01-01

Abstract

Background: The efficacy of lateral and escalation switch is a challenge in MS. We compared in a real-world setting the efficacy of switching to IFN beta-1a 44 mcg or to fingolimod in persons with relapsing remitting MS (pwRRMS) who failed with others injectable IFNs or glatiramer acetate. Research design and methods: retrospective analysis of 24 months prospectively-collected data at the MS center of the University of Catania, Italy was performed. Patients who were switched to IFN-beta 1a 44 mcg or fingolimod were analyzed using propensity-score covariate adjustment model within demographic (e.g. age and gender) and disease (e.g. timing of pre-switch relapse) characteristics. Switching-time was considered the starting-time of the observation. Results: 43 pwRRMS on IFN beta-1a 44 mcg and 49 pwRRMS on fingolimod were included. Baseline characteristics differed for EDSS score and number of T2 lesions (higher in group on fingolimod). At 24 months of follow up, both groups showed no differences in the survival curves of reaching a first new relapse, new T2 and Gd+ MRI brain lesions, even corrected for the propensity score covariate adjustment. Conclusions: lateral switch to IFN beta-1a 44 mcg and escalation switch to fingolimod showed same ability in influencing RRMS disease activity at 24 months.
fingolimod; IFN beta-1a 44 mcg; Multiple sclerosis; switch; therapeutic failure; Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics (all); Pharmacology (medical)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/326002
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