A new concept in the formulation of hybrid nanostructured materials combining high quality graphene 3D supported by Nickel foam and polyporphyrins for visible light photocatalytic application is here reported. Our innovative approach involves the development of a freestanding device able to: i) offer a high surface area to bind the photosensitizers by π-π interactions, and ii) enhance stability and photocatalytic efficiency by using cyclic porphyrin polymers. For these purposes, homo- and co-polymerization reactions by using different porphyrin (free or zinc complexed) monomers were performed. The microscopic structures and morphology of graphene polymer nanocomposites were investigated by using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). Finally, photocatalytic activity under visible light irradiation of the obtained nanocomposites was tested, by using methylene blue (MB) as organic pollutant. The obtained data suggested that hindered cyclic polymeric structures stacked on graphene surface by non-covalent interactions, restrict the formation of non photoactive aggregates and, as a consequence, induce an enhancement of photocatalytic activity. Remarkably, our systems show a degradation efficiency in the visible-light range much higher than other similar devices containing nanoporphyrin units reported in literature.

Freestanding photocatalytic materials based on 3D graphene and polyporphyrins

USSIA, MARTINA;Bruno, Elena
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
VITALINI, DANIELE;Pellegrino, Giovanna;Ruffino, Francesco;Carroccio, Sabrina C
2018-01-01

Abstract

A new concept in the formulation of hybrid nanostructured materials combining high quality graphene 3D supported by Nickel foam and polyporphyrins for visible light photocatalytic application is here reported. Our innovative approach involves the development of a freestanding device able to: i) offer a high surface area to bind the photosensitizers by π-π interactions, and ii) enhance stability and photocatalytic efficiency by using cyclic porphyrin polymers. For these purposes, homo- and co-polymerization reactions by using different porphyrin (free or zinc complexed) monomers were performed. The microscopic structures and morphology of graphene polymer nanocomposites were investigated by using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). Finally, photocatalytic activity under visible light irradiation of the obtained nanocomposites was tested, by using methylene blue (MB) as organic pollutant. The obtained data suggested that hindered cyclic polymeric structures stacked on graphene surface by non-covalent interactions, restrict the formation of non photoactive aggregates and, as a consequence, induce an enhancement of photocatalytic activity. Remarkably, our systems show a degradation efficiency in the visible-light range much higher than other similar devices containing nanoporphyrin units reported in literature.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/326595
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