The aim of the present work was to study the control that the cerebral cortex exerts on red nucleus (RN) neurons in the guinea pig. The experiments were carried out in anaesthetized animals. Electrical stimulation of localized cortical foci was performed by tungsten microelectrodes in frontal and parietal regions containing sensorimotor representations of the body. Single unit RN activity was extracellularly recorded through glass micropipettes, and the encountered RN neurons were recognized by searching their peripheral receptive field. Then, corticorubral influences were tested on RN neurons whose receptive field was located in the same body regions where motor responses were evoked by cortical stimulation. The stimulation with a single pulse evoked complex responses, typically consisting of long lasting inhibitions sometimes preceded by a weak facilitation and always followed by an excitatory rebound. The application of a second pulse modified this pattern, depending on the time interval between the two stimuli. In fact, the reduction of the interval below 300 ms enhanced the excitatory components whereas it shortened the inhibitory component; moreover, an "early" facilitation was evoked but only at intervals as short as 50-150 ms, or less. These results suggest that the corticorubral control may vary according to different levels of cortical activation, becoming more and more facilitatory as the cortical discharges increase from low frequency values (tonic activity) towards high frequency values (phasic activity).
|Titolo:||Effects of cortical stimulation on red nucleus neurons in the guinea pig|
GIUFFRIDA, Rosario (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||1997|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|