Undoped and Europium-doped titania nanofibers have been fabricated by electrospinning technique, using a single multielement Titanium/Europium source. In this communication we present the synthesis, structural and spectroscopic characterisation of Eu-doped TiO2 nanofibers starting from polyvinylpyrrolidone, titanium tetraisopropoxide (Ti(O/Pr)(4)) and Eu(hfa)(3)center dot diglyme (Hhfa = 1,1,1,5,5,5-hexafluoroacetyacetone, diglyme = CH3O(CH2CH2O)(2)CH3). The chosen system allowed to investigate a wide compositional range, i.e., from 3 to 10 %mol of Eu3+. Microstructure was studied by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermal behaviour followed by thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA). Phase analysis was performed by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD) and high temperature X-ray diffraction analysis (HT-XRD) up to 1100 degrees C. Luminescence properties were investigated by means of luminescence spectroscopy, using a laser excitation source at 395 nm. All electrospun materials consisted of randomly oriented nanofibers of fairly uniform diameter. The average fiber size was 80-100 nm and 40 nm for, respectively, Eu-doped and undoped TiO2 calcinated at 500 degrees C. The presence of Europium shifted toward higher values either the crystallization temperature of anatase and the anatase to rutile phase transition, the latter being accompanied by the formation of the Eu2Ti2O7 phase. The doped samples showed a strong luminescence of Eu3+ ions. The emission spectra were dominated by the D-5(0) -> F-7(2) emission, suggesting a notable distortion around the Eu3+ ions. The broadening of the bands pointed to the presence of a relevant inhomogeneous disorder around the Eu3+ sites. The Eu3+ doped TiO2 nanofibers showed a higher emission intensity with respect to the PVP/TiO2 ones.
|Titolo:||Eu-Doped Titania Nanofibers: Processing, Thermal Behaviour and Luminescent Properties|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|