An optimal current control strategy for Asymmetrical Hybrid Multilevel Inverters is proposed in this paper enabling their use on motor drives, static synchronous compensators, photovoltaic and wind generators, where a fast and precise current regulation is required. A key feature of these highly efficient converters is that an AC machine (motor or transformer) operates according to an open-end winding configuration, connected on one side to a main Multi-Level Inverter and, on the other side, to an auxiliary Two-Level Inverter. The first efficiently controls the main power stream operating at a low switching frequency, while the two-level inverter acts as an active power filter, exploiting a conventional high frequency two-level PWM technique. The proposed control scheme optimally exploits the key features of the two inverters by suitably sharing the control task. In fact, a predictive current control is assigned to the MLI, which can be accomplished by low switching frequency operations, while the high switching frequency of the PWM operated TLI is exploited to accomplish a fast and precise closed loop current control, processing only a part of the power stream flowing through the system, thus producing low power losses. Simulations and experimental results confirm the consistence of the proposed approach.
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