Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), as early used in the design stage, helps engineers to come up with the optimum design of a sail in a reasonable timeframe. However, traditional CFD tools are approximate and need to be validated when it comes to predicting the dynamic behaviour of non-developable shape with high camber and massively detached flow around thin and flexible membranes. Some of these approximations are related to the implementation of the constitutive material characteristics and assumption of their isotropic properties, while the sail aerodynamic performance is strongly influenced by the arrangement of sail panels as well as the orientation of the fibres in the composite structure. The present paper offers a methodology that enhances the understanding of the influence of panel arrangement and fibre orientation on sail performance. Fluid-structure-interaction (FSI) in a symmetric spinnaker was studied through an integrated CFD-CSM (Computational Structural Mechanics) analysis. A suitable triangular membrane element formulation of sail was adopted and the constitutive characteristics (elasticity and damping) of the Nylon superkote 75 were implemented in CSM model after being experimentally measured. The aerodynamic performance of sail in terms of drive force and side force was evaluated using both Reynolds Averaged Navier Stokes Simulations (RANS) and Shear Stress Transport (SST) turbulence model with a finite volume approach. A comparison between different panel arrangements was carried out under altered downwind flow conditions of wind speed and wind angle. Digital photogrammetry was employed to create the 3D reconstruction of the sail's flying shape and validate the results obtained by aeroelastic analysis.
|Titolo:||Mechanical characterization and modeling of downwind sailcloth in fluid-structure interaction analysis|
CALI', MICHELE [Methodology] (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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|1-s2.0-S0029801818312344-main.pdf||Articolo principale||Versione Editoriale (PDF)||Administrator|