Cefixime, a new orally absorbed iminomcthoxyaminothiazolyl cephalosporin, was tested against some microorganisms involved in upper and lower respiratory tract infections such as Haemophilus (influenzae and parainfluenzae), Moraxella catar-rhalis and Streptococcus pneumoniae, isolated in the period from November 1990 to April 1991. Its activity was compared to nine other antimicrobial agents: erythromycin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, ampicillin, amoxicillin-clavulanate, cefaclor, ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, cefotaxime and ofloxacin. Cefixime inhibits 90% of S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae and H. parainfluenzae, both P-lactamase producers (BLP) or not (NBLP) at concentrations of <0.25 mg/1. It inhibits 90% of M. catarrhalis (BLP and NBLP) at concentrations of < 1 mg/1. In general, cefixime has a superior in vitro activity with respect to cefaclor and the other cephalosporins as well as erythromycin and amoxicillin (the last one in BLP strains). In the evaluation of the antibacterial activity of fi-lactam against Haemophilus and M. catarrhalis, the authors observed different indications in the guidelines for ampicillin. Cefixime is not destroyed by the plasmid-mediated (5-lactamase produced by Haemophilus sp. and M. catarrhalis (TEM and ROB in Haemophilus strains and BRO in M. catarrhalis). In view of its excellent in vitro activity against the commonly encountered respiratory tract pathogens, cefixime is indicated in the therapy of these infections. © 1992 S. Karger AG, Basel.
|Titolo:||In vitro activity of a new broad-spectrum, beta-lactamase-stable oral cephalosporin, cef ixime, in comparison with other drugs, against Haemophilus influenzae, haemophilus parainfluenzae, moraxella catarrhalis and streptococcus pneumoniae|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1992|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|