Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio was found associated with worse disease recurrence and progression in patients with T1 non–muscle-invasive bladder cancer in some single-center studies. We validated high pretreatment neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (cutoff, 3) as an independent predictor of disease recurrence, progression, and cancer-specific survival in patients with primary T1 HG/G3 non–muscle-invasive bladder cancer treated with intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guérin therapy. Introduction: The aim of this multicenter study was to investigate the prognostic role of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and to validate the NLR cutoff of 3 in a large multi-institutional cohort of patients with primary T1 HG/G3 non–muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). Patients and Methods: The study period was from January 2002 through December 2012. A total of 1046 patients with primary T1 HG/G3 who had NMIBC on re-transurethral bladder resection (TURB) who received adjuvant intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guérin therapy with maintenance from 13 academic institutions were included. Endpoints were time to disease, and recurrence-free (RFS), progression-free (PFS), overall (OS), and cancer-specific survival (CSS). Results: A total of 512 (48.9%) of patients had NLR ≥ 3 prior to TURB. High pretreatment NLR was associated with female gender and residual T1HG/G3 on re-TURB. The 5-year RFS estimates were 9.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 6.8%-12.4%) in patients with NLR ≥ 3 compared with 58.8% (95% CI, 54%-63.2%) in patients with NLR < 3; the 5-year PFS estimates were 57.1% (95% CI, 51.5%-62.2%) versus 79.2% (95% CI, 74.7%-83%; P <.0001); the 10-year OS estimates were 63.6% (95% CI, 55%-71%) versus 66.5% (95% CI, 56.8%-74.5%; P =.03); the 10-year CSS estimates were 77.4% (95% CI, 68.4%-84.2%) versus 84.3% (95% CI, 76.6%-89.7%; P =.004). NLR was independently associated with disease recurrence (hazard ratio [HR], 3.34; 95% CI, 2.82-3.95; P <.001), progression (HR, 2.18; 95% CI, 1.71-2.78; P <.001) and CSS (HR, 1.65; 95% CI, 1.02-2.66; P =.03). The addition of NLR to a multivariable model that included established features increased its discrimination for predicting of RFS (+6.9%), PFS (+1.8%), and CSS (+1.7%). Conclusions: Pretreatment NLR ≥ 3 was a strong predictor for RFS, PFS, and CSS in patients with primary T1 HG/G3 NMIBC. It could help in the decision-making regarding intensity of therapy and follow-up.

Validation of Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte Ratio in a Multi-institutional Cohort of Patients With T1G3 Non–muscle-invasive Bladder Cancer

Russo, Giorgio Ivan;Morgia, Giuseppe;
2018-01-01

Abstract

Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio was found associated with worse disease recurrence and progression in patients with T1 non–muscle-invasive bladder cancer in some single-center studies. We validated high pretreatment neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (cutoff, 3) as an independent predictor of disease recurrence, progression, and cancer-specific survival in patients with primary T1 HG/G3 non–muscle-invasive bladder cancer treated with intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guérin therapy. Introduction: The aim of this multicenter study was to investigate the prognostic role of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and to validate the NLR cutoff of 3 in a large multi-institutional cohort of patients with primary T1 HG/G3 non–muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). Patients and Methods: The study period was from January 2002 through December 2012. A total of 1046 patients with primary T1 HG/G3 who had NMIBC on re-transurethral bladder resection (TURB) who received adjuvant intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guérin therapy with maintenance from 13 academic institutions were included. Endpoints were time to disease, and recurrence-free (RFS), progression-free (PFS), overall (OS), and cancer-specific survival (CSS). Results: A total of 512 (48.9%) of patients had NLR ≥ 3 prior to TURB. High pretreatment NLR was associated with female gender and residual T1HG/G3 on re-TURB. The 5-year RFS estimates were 9.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 6.8%-12.4%) in patients with NLR ≥ 3 compared with 58.8% (95% CI, 54%-63.2%) in patients with NLR < 3; the 5-year PFS estimates were 57.1% (95% CI, 51.5%-62.2%) versus 79.2% (95% CI, 74.7%-83%; P <.0001); the 10-year OS estimates were 63.6% (95% CI, 55%-71%) versus 66.5% (95% CI, 56.8%-74.5%; P =.03); the 10-year CSS estimates were 77.4% (95% CI, 68.4%-84.2%) versus 84.3% (95% CI, 76.6%-89.7%; P =.004). NLR was independently associated with disease recurrence (hazard ratio [HR], 3.34; 95% CI, 2.82-3.95; P <.001), progression (HR, 2.18; 95% CI, 1.71-2.78; P <.001) and CSS (HR, 1.65; 95% CI, 1.02-2.66; P =.03). The addition of NLR to a multivariable model that included established features increased its discrimination for predicting of RFS (+6.9%), PFS (+1.8%), and CSS (+1.7%). Conclusions: Pretreatment NLR ≥ 3 was a strong predictor for RFS, PFS, and CSS in patients with primary T1 HG/G3 NMIBC. It could help in the decision-making regarding intensity of therapy and follow-up.
2018
High risk; High-grade; NLR; Progression; Recurrence; Oncology; Urology
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/335384
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