This study investigated the in vitro susceptibility of ceftobiprole and its potential synergistic activity in combination with other antimicrobials against 46 selected Gram-positive pathogens displaying resistance or decrease susceptibility to several drugs. The gradient-cross method was used to assess synergism between ceftobiprole and daptomycin, levofloxacin, linezolid, rifampicin and piperacillin/tazobactam. Time-kill curves were performed for seven representative isolates. Ceftobiprole MICs ranged from 0.25–6 mg/L for staphylococci; 4–≥32 mg/L for Enterococcus faecalis, and 0.38–≥32 mg/L for E. faecium. Ceftobiprole plus daptomycin was synergistic against all isolates. Ceftobiprole plus linezolid was synergistic against 4 isolates belonging to different species. Ceftobiprole plus levofloxacin was synergistic only against enterococci. In conclusion, ceftobiprole exhibited a potent in vitro antibacterial activity and exhibited synergy with daptomycin against all Gram-positive isolates, despite their antibiotic resistance phenotypes. The use of ceftobiprole in combination may provide a promising alternative therapy for the treatment of resistant Gram-positive infections

Bactericidal activity of Ceftobiprole combined with different antibiotics against selected gram-positive isolates

Campanile, F.
;
Bongiorno, D.;Mongelli, G.;Zanghì, G.;Stefani, S.
2018

Abstract

This study investigated the in vitro susceptibility of ceftobiprole and its potential synergistic activity in combination with other antimicrobials against 46 selected Gram-positive pathogens displaying resistance or decrease susceptibility to several drugs. The gradient-cross method was used to assess synergism between ceftobiprole and daptomycin, levofloxacin, linezolid, rifampicin and piperacillin/tazobactam. Time-kill curves were performed for seven representative isolates. Ceftobiprole MICs ranged from 0.25–6 mg/L for staphylococci; 4–≥32 mg/L for Enterococcus faecalis, and 0.38–≥32 mg/L for E. faecium. Ceftobiprole plus daptomycin was synergistic against all isolates. Ceftobiprole plus linezolid was synergistic against 4 isolates belonging to different species. Ceftobiprole plus levofloxacin was synergistic only against enterococci. In conclusion, ceftobiprole exhibited a potent in vitro antibacterial activity and exhibited synergy with daptomycin against all Gram-positive isolates, despite their antibiotic resistance phenotypes. The use of ceftobiprole in combination may provide a promising alternative therapy for the treatment of resistant Gram-positive infections
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/335399
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