Aims The ADVANCE study was designed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with a self-expanding bioprosthesis in real-world patients with symptomatic, severe aortic stenosis at high surgical risk for valve replacement. Methods and results Study participants were enrolled from 44 experienced centres in 12 countries. Patient eligibility, treatment approach, and choice of anaesthesia were determined by the local Heart Team. The study was 100% monitored, and adverse events were adjudicated by an independent clinical events committee using Valve Academic Research Consortium (VARC-1) criteria. There were 1015 patients enrolled with 996 attempted TAVI procedures. Mean age was 81 years, and mean logistic EuroSCORE was 19.3 ± 12.3%. Five-year follow-up was available on 465 (46.7%) patients. At 5 years, the rate of all-cause mortality was 50.7% (95% confidence interval: 46.7%, 54.5%), and the rate of major stroke was 5.4%. Haemodynamic measures remained consistent for paired patients with a mean aortic valve gradient of 8.8 ± 4.4mmHg (n = 198) and an effective orifice area of 1.7 ± 0.4 cm2 (n = 123). Aortic regurgitation (AR) decreased over time and among paired patients dropped from 12.8% to 8.0% moderate AR at 5 years (n = 125). Of the 860 patients with echocardiographic data or a reintervention after 30 days, there were 22 (2.6%) patients meeting the VARC-2 criteria for valve dysfunction and 10 (1.2%) patients with a reintervention >30 days. Conclusion Five-year results in real-world, elderly, high-risk patients undergoing TAVI with a self-expanding bioprosthesis provided evidence for continued valve durability with low rates of reinterventions and haemodynamic valve dysfunction.
|Titolo:||Final 5-year clinical and echocardiographic results for treatment of severe aortic stenosis with a self-expanding bioprosthesis from the ADVANCE Study|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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|Final 5-year clinical and echocardiographic results for treatment of severe aortic stenosis.pdf||Versione Editoriale (PDF)||Open Access Visualizza/Apri|