Abstract PURPOSE: To evaluate the transient pattern electroretinogram (t-PERG) and the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness in eyes with ocular hypertension (OH) and normal short-wavelength automated perimetry (SWAP). METHODS: In 26 patients with bilateral OH with normal SWAP, and in 26 age and sex matched healthy controls, t-PERG recording and RNFL thickness measurement were performed. Mean deviation (MD) and pattern standard deviation (PSD) of a reliable full threshold 24-2 SWAP were considered. RNFL thickness was determined by OCT3. Monocular PERG were recorded by using a black and white checkerboard pattern (check size 0.9°, contrast 100 %, mean luminance 80 cd/m2) generated on a monitor and reversed in contrast (four reversals per second, 2 Hz) at a distance of 70 cm. Patients had optimal correction at viewing distance; no mydriatic or miotic eye drops were used. Silver/silver chloride skin electrodes were placed over the lower eyelids in the stimulated eye (active electrode) and in the patched eye (reference electrode); ground electrode was in the Fpz scalp. Peak-to peak amplitude of P50 (N35-P50) and N95 (P50-N95) waves, and implicit time of P50, were considered. RESULTS: Compared to controls, in OH eyes, a reduction of N35-P50 amplitude (2.86 ± 1.49 vs. 3.77 ± 1.08 microvolts, -24.1 %, t-test p = 0.015), of average RNFL thickness (88 ± 11 vs. 96 ± 10 μm, -9.5 %, t-test p = 0.002), and of RNFL thickness in superior (p = 0.015) and inferior quadrant (p < 0.001), were found. Multivariate analysis showed that in OH eyes, N35-P50 amplitude was inversely related to intraocular pressure (IOP) (p = 0.001); no correlation was found between N35-P50 amplitude and MD, PSD, CCT or RNFL thickness. CONCLUSIONS: In OH eyes, both PERG and RNFL thickness changes occur in hypertensive eyes with undamaged SWAP; the correlation of PERG amplitude with IOP, but not with RNFL thickness, suggests that such PERG changes are an effect of the IOP on retinal ganglion cells, rather than a sign of their loss.
|Titolo:||Pattern ERG and RNFL thickness in hypertensive eyes with normal blue-yellow visual field.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|