We present numerical results of electric conductivity sigma(e1) of a fluid obtained solving the relativistic transport Boltzmann equation in a box with periodic boundary conditions. We compute sigma(e1) using two methods: the definition itself, i.e., applying an external electric field, and the evaluation of the Green-Kubo relation based on the time evolution of the current-current correlator. We find a very good agreement between the two methods. We also compare numerical results with analytic formulas in relaxation time approximation (RTA) where the relaxation time for sigma(e1) is determined by the transport cross section sigma(tr), i.e., the differential cross section weighted with the collisional momentum transfer. We investigate the electric conductivity dependence on the microscopic details of the two-body scatterings: isotropic and anisotropic cross section as well as massless and massive particles. We find that the RTA underestimates considerably sigma(e1); for example, at screening masses m(D) similar to T, such underestimation can be as large as a factor of 2. Furthermore, we study a more realistic case for a quark-gluon system (QGP) considering both a quasiparticle model tuned to lattice QCD (IQCD) thermodynamics, as well as the case of a perturbative QCD (pQCD) gas with running coupling. Also, for these cases more directly related to the description of the QGP system, we find that the RTA significantly underestimates the sigma(e1) by about 60%-80%.
|Titolo:||Electric conductivity from the solution of the relativistic Boltzmann equation|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|