Aim The purpose of this study was to analyse the craniofacial and dentofacial skeletal characteristics in untreated subjects with Class II, division 1 malocclusion by mandibular retrusion and to identify different types and their prevalence. Materials and methods In 152 subjects with Class II, division 1 malocclusion by mandibular retrusion, the differences were determined by lateral cephalograms analysis of variance and chi-square test, respectively. P<0.05 was considered significant. Seven types of mandibular retrusion were identified: three pure, dimensional, rotational and positional, and four mixed. Results All patients showed significant inter-group differences with P between 0.005 and 0.001. The dimensional type was the most common (28.9%) and the rotational-positional type was the rarest (5.9%). The pure dimensional type had the shortest mandibular body; the pure rotational type had larger SN/GoMe and the lowest AOBO; the pure positional type presented the flattest cranial base, high AOBO. In the mixed types, dento-skeletal features changed depending on how the main types assorted. Conclusions Identifying the type of mandibular retrusion is important for differential diagnosis in clinical practice and research.
|Titolo:||Class II malocclusion division 1: A new classification method by cephalometric analysis|
ISOLA, GAETANO [Conceptualization]
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|