PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective study was to investigate the proton-beam-induced changes in apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of ocular melanoma treated with proton-beam therapy (PBT) in patients undergoing long-term magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) follow-up and to assess whether variations in ADC constitute a reliable biomarker for predicting and detecting the response of ocular melanoma to PBT. METHODS: Seventeen patients with ocular melanoma treated with PBT were enrolled. All patients underwent conventional MRI and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) at baseline and 1, 3, 6, and 18 months after the beginning of therapy. Tumor volumes and ADC values of ocular lesions were measured at each examination. Tumor volumes and mean ADC measurements of the five examination series were compared; correlation of ADC values and tumor regression was estimated. RESULTS: Mean ADC values of ocular melanomas significantly increased already 1 month after therapy whereas tumor volume significantly decreased only 6 months after therapy. Pretreatment ADC value of ocular melanomas and early change in ADC value 1 month after therapy significantly correlated with tumor regression. CONCLUSIONS: In ocular melanoma treated with PBT, ADC variations precede volume changes. Both pretreatment ADC and early change in ADC value may predict treatment response, thus expanding the role of DWI from diagnostic to prognostic.
|Titolo:||Uveal melanoma: quantitative evaluation of diffusion-weighted MR imaging in the response assessment after proton-beam therapy, long-term follow-up.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|