OBJECTIVE: To illustrate the usefulness of intraoperative indocyanine green videoangiography (ICG-VA) to identify the nidus and feeders of a small cerebellar AVM resembling a cavernous hemangioma. To review the unique features regarding the overlay between these two vascular malformations and to highlight the importance to identify with ICG-VA, and treat accordingly, the arterial and venous vessels of the AVM. METHODS: A 36-year old man presented with bilateral cerebellar hemorrhage. MRI was equivocal in showing an underlying vascular malformation but angiography demonstrated a small, Spetzler-Martin grade I AVM. Surgical resection of the AVM with the aid of intraoperative ICG-VA was performed. After hematoma evacuation, pre-resection ICG-VA did not reveal tortuous arterial and venous vessels in keeping with a typical AVM but rather an unusual blackberry-like image resembling a cavernous hemangioma, with tiny surrounding vessels. Such intraoperative appearance, which could also be the consequence of a "leakage" of fluorescent dye from the nidal pathological vessels, with absent blood-brain barrier, into the surrounding parenchymal pathological capillary network, is important to be recognized as an unusual AVM appearance. RESULTS: Post-resection ICG-VA confirmed the AVM removal, as also shown by postoperative and 3-month follow-up DSAs. CONCLUSIONS: Despite technical limitations associated with ICG-VA in post-hemorrhage AVMs, this case together with the intraoperative video, demonstrates the useful role of ICG-VA in identifying small AVMs with peculiar features.
|Titolo:||Role of intraoperative indocyanine green video-angiography to identify small, posterior fossa arteriovenous malformations mimicking cavernous angiomas. Technical report and review of the literature on common features of these cerebral vascular malformations.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|