Background and aims: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is currently considered to raise the risk for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular events. It has been suggested that part of this risk excess may be due to a cluster of additional factors associated with MetS. We aimed to investigate the role of inflammation on the ventricular-vascular coupling in patients with MetS. Methods and results: We enrolled a total of 227 hypertensive patients (106 with MetS and 121 without MetS) matched for age and gender. Aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV), intima-media thickness (IMT) and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP) increased according to the number of MetS components. Patients with MetS showed increased aPWV (11.5 ± 3.7 vs. 10.3 ± 2.5 m/s, P = 0.03) compared with controls. In a model adjusted for age, sex, heart rate and mean blood pressure, aPWV resulted increased in patients with CKD (beta 1.29 m/s, 95%CI 0.61–1.96 m/s, P < 0.001) and MetS (beta 0.89 m/s, 95%CI 0.28–1.51 m/s, P = 0.005). After additional adjustment for CRP and IMT, the slope of aPWV was respectively reduced by 16% and 62%, suggesting that inflammation and intima-media thickening could contribute to aortic stiffening in patients with MetS. In these patients, aPWV was also associated with left-ventricular mass index (beta 0.79 g/m2.7, 95%CI 0.05–1.52 g/m2.7, P = 0.05). Conclusion: MetS is characterized by an inflammation-dependent acceleration in cardiovascular ageing. This pattern of pathophysiological abnormalities may contribute to amplify the burden of cardiovascular risk in patients with MetS.
|Titolo:||Inflammation and ventricular-vascular coupling in hypertensive patients with metabolic syndrome|
ZANOLI, LUCA MARIA (Primo) (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|