This study was undertaken to analyze 29 pesticides residues in 37 commercially olive oil collected samples from Iran's markets using Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged, and Safe (QuEChERS) approach along with acetonitrile for the extraction, surface adsorbents for clean-up procedure, following with a gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS). In order to eliminate the matrix effect, the calibration curves were drawn using spiked samples with the Area under curve (AUC) portion calculation of pesticide residue to AUC internal standard (Triphenyl Methane (TPM)). Moreover, the probabilistic health risk assessment includes non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risk were estimated by target hazard quotient (THQ), total target hazard quotient (TTHQ) and cancer risk (CR) using the Monte Carlo Simulation (MCS) method. The calibration curves were linear in the range of 10–1500 ng/g, and R2was higher than 0.994. All pesticides recoveries as average were in the range of 77.97–112.65%. The respective numbers attributed to LOD and LOQ were 3–5 ng/g and 8–15 ng/g. Results showed that 29.7% of samples were contaminated by pesticides which according to Iranian regulation, while in 7 cases banned pesticides were detected. Only 4 samples are noncompliant with EU regulation. The rank order of pesticides based on THQ was Heptachlor > DDT > Pretilachlor. Also, TTHQ for adults was 0.139; and children 0.467. The rank order of pesticides based on CR was Heptachlor > DDT. Consumers (adults and children) are not at non-carcinogenic risk due to ingestion of oil olive content (THQ and TTHQ < 1 value) but are at considerable carcinogenic (CR > 1E-6). According to the observed profile of pesticide in olive oil samples, which are mostly banned according to Iranian regulation, further improvements in agriculture procedures of cultivated olive in Iran, as well as required assessments of imported olive oil, was recommended.

The concentration and probabilistic health risk assessment of pesticide residues in commercially available olive oils in Iran

Conti, Gea Oliveri
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Ferrante, Margherita
Writing – Review & Editing
;
2018

Abstract

This study was undertaken to analyze 29 pesticides residues in 37 commercially olive oil collected samples from Iran's markets using Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged, and Safe (QuEChERS) approach along with acetonitrile for the extraction, surface adsorbents for clean-up procedure, following with a gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS). In order to eliminate the matrix effect, the calibration curves were drawn using spiked samples with the Area under curve (AUC) portion calculation of pesticide residue to AUC internal standard (Triphenyl Methane (TPM)). Moreover, the probabilistic health risk assessment includes non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risk were estimated by target hazard quotient (THQ), total target hazard quotient (TTHQ) and cancer risk (CR) using the Monte Carlo Simulation (MCS) method. The calibration curves were linear in the range of 10–1500 ng/g, and R2was higher than 0.994. All pesticides recoveries as average were in the range of 77.97–112.65%. The respective numbers attributed to LOD and LOQ were 3–5 ng/g and 8–15 ng/g. Results showed that 29.7% of samples were contaminated by pesticides which according to Iranian regulation, while in 7 cases banned pesticides were detected. Only 4 samples are noncompliant with EU regulation. The rank order of pesticides based on THQ was Heptachlor > DDT > Pretilachlor. Also, TTHQ for adults was 0.139; and children 0.467. The rank order of pesticides based on CR was Heptachlor > DDT. Consumers (adults and children) are not at non-carcinogenic risk due to ingestion of oil olive content (THQ and TTHQ < 1 value) but are at considerable carcinogenic (CR > 1E-6). According to the observed profile of pesticide in olive oil samples, which are mostly banned according to Iranian regulation, further improvements in agriculture procedures of cultivated olive in Iran, as well as required assessments of imported olive oil, was recommended.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/357388
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