An accurate histological diagnosis may distinguish essential thrombocythaemia (ET) from early primary myelofibrosis (early-PMF), which is associated with worse outcome. Outcome of ET is also negatively affected by the presence of the JAK2V617F mutation. To investigate the impact of JAK2V617F mutation burden and histology on outcome, we collected 475 WHO-diagnosed ET (69.2%) or early-PMF JAK2V617F-positive patients followed in 4 Italian haematology centers. JAK2V617F allele burden was ≤50% in 90% and 87% of ET and early-PMF patients, respectively (P =.34). During follow-up, 32 (9.7%) ET and 18 (12.3%) early-PMF patients experienced 59 thrombotic events, and 27 patients (5.6%) and 6 (1.2%) patients evolved to myelofibrosis and acute leukemia, respectively. At last contact, 28 (5.8%) patients had died. In early-PMF compared to ET, the 10-year mortality rates (6.7% and 4.3%, P =.73), leukemic transformation rates (1.4% and 1.2%, P =.45), and thrombosis rates (16.7% and 12.2%, P =.12) were comparable. Only progression to overt myelofibrosis at 10 years was significantly worse (11.4% and 1.5%, P =.004). In multivariate analysis, a higher (>50%) JAK2V617F burden was significantly correlated with fibrotic progression and histology. Considering JAK2V617F-positive disease, a higher (>50%) JAK2V617F burden and histological classification are independent prognostic risk factors for disease progression. These findings reinforce the need for standardized detection of this mutation.

Comparison of JAK2V617F-positive essential thrombocythaemia and early primary myelofibrosis: The impact of mutation burden and histology

Palumbo, Giuseppe Alberto;
2018

Abstract

An accurate histological diagnosis may distinguish essential thrombocythaemia (ET) from early primary myelofibrosis (early-PMF), which is associated with worse outcome. Outcome of ET is also negatively affected by the presence of the JAK2V617F mutation. To investigate the impact of JAK2V617F mutation burden and histology on outcome, we collected 475 WHO-diagnosed ET (69.2%) or early-PMF JAK2V617F-positive patients followed in 4 Italian haematology centers. JAK2V617F allele burden was ≤50% in 90% and 87% of ET and early-PMF patients, respectively (P =.34). During follow-up, 32 (9.7%) ET and 18 (12.3%) early-PMF patients experienced 59 thrombotic events, and 27 patients (5.6%) and 6 (1.2%) patients evolved to myelofibrosis and acute leukemia, respectively. At last contact, 28 (5.8%) patients had died. In early-PMF compared to ET, the 10-year mortality rates (6.7% and 4.3%, P =.73), leukemic transformation rates (1.4% and 1.2%, P =.45), and thrombosis rates (16.7% and 12.2%, P =.12) were comparable. Only progression to overt myelofibrosis at 10 years was significantly worse (11.4% and 1.5%, P =.004). In multivariate analysis, a higher (>50%) JAK2V617F burden was significantly correlated with fibrotic progression and histology. Considering JAK2V617F-positive disease, a higher (>50%) JAK2V617F burden and histological classification are independent prognostic risk factors for disease progression. These findings reinforce the need for standardized detection of this mutation.
allele burden; early primary myelofibrosis; essential thrombocythaemia; JAK2V617F mutation; outcome; PMF; Hematology; Oncology; Cancer Research
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/358762
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