We investigate the stability of the standard model electroweak (EW) vacuum in the presence of Planck-scale suppressed operators of the type phi(2n)/M-P(2n-4) that involve the Higgs field phi and could, in principle, be induced by quantum gravity effects. We show how minimal embeddings of the standard model (SM) in supergravity (SUGRA) can stabilize the EW vacuum against such operators up to very high values of the induced supersymmetry breaking scale M-S, which may well be above the onset of the so-called SM metastability scale of 10(11) GeV. In particular, we explicitly demonstrate how discrete R symmetries could be invoked to suppress the occurrence of harmful Planck-scale operators of the form phi(2n)/M-P(2n-4) to arbitrary higher powers of n. We analyze different scenarios of Planck-scale gravitational physics and derive lower limits on the power n that is required in order to protect our EW vacuum from dangerous rapid decay. The significance of our results for theories of low-scale quantum gravity is illustrated.

Protecting the stability of the electroweak vacuum from Planck-scale gravitational effects

Branchina, Vincenzo;CONTINO, FILIPPO;
2018

Abstract

We investigate the stability of the standard model electroweak (EW) vacuum in the presence of Planck-scale suppressed operators of the type phi(2n)/M-P(2n-4) that involve the Higgs field phi and could, in principle, be induced by quantum gravity effects. We show how minimal embeddings of the standard model (SM) in supergravity (SUGRA) can stabilize the EW vacuum against such operators up to very high values of the induced supersymmetry breaking scale M-S, which may well be above the onset of the so-called SM metastability scale of 10(11) GeV. In particular, we explicitly demonstrate how discrete R symmetries could be invoked to suppress the occurrence of harmful Planck-scale operators of the form phi(2n)/M-P(2n-4) to arbitrary higher powers of n. We analyze different scenarios of Planck-scale gravitational physics and derive lower limits on the power n that is required in order to protect our EW vacuum from dangerous rapid decay. The significance of our results for theories of low-scale quantum gravity is illustrated.
STANDARD-MODEL, HIGGS MASS, FLAT DIRECTIONS, FALSE VACUUM, BOUNDS, SYMMETRY, METASTABILITY, HIERARCHY, PHYSICS, ORIGIN.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/359292
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