Introduction: Bladder outflow obstruction may cause obstructive or irritative symptoms. The diagnosis of female functional bladder neck obstruction requires a pressure/ flow study and electromyography performed by videourodynamics. The treatment includes self-catheterization or bladder neck incision. We administered tamsulosin, an alpha(1)A/alpha(1)D-selective adrenergic antagonist, in women with functional bladder neck obstruction to evaluate its potential therapeutic effects. Patients and Methods: A group of 18 women affected by functional bladder neck obstruction was selected. The diagnosis was made by means of a pressure/ flow study combined with electromyography and a fluoroscopic test. The diagnostic criteria were: high detrusor pressure with reduced maximum flow, silent electromyography activity, and bladder neck nonfunnelling during the fluoroscopic test. Tamsulosin 0.4 mg once daily was administered for at least 30 days. Patients with a postvoid residual urine volume >= 100 ml performed intermittent self-catheterization. Patients with a postvoid residual urine volume < 100 ml performed self-catheterization every 7 days. After 30 days of therapy, all patients underwent a new pressure/flow study and a micturition fluoroscopic test. Results: 10 ( 56%) out of 18 treated patients showed a statistically significant improvement in symptoms, maximum flow, and postvoid residual urine volume ( p < 0.01). Conclusion: The use of alpha(1)-blockers may be an initial treatment option for female functional bladder neck obstruction, as this therapeutic option proved to be effective in more than 50% of our patients suffering from this voiding dysfunction. Copyright (C) 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel.
|Titolo:||Use of alpha(1)-blockers in female functional bladder neck obstruction|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|