Breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed among females worldwide. Although breast cancer survival has largely improved in the past 30 years, it remains highly heterogeneous in its response to treatment. Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a subtype of breast cancer that lacks the expression of the estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (Her2). While TNBC may initially be responsive to chemotherapy, recurrence and subsequent high mortality rates are frequently reported. Studies have shown curcumin and its derivatives to be effective against TNBC cell lines in vitro. To improve its anti-cancer effects, we have synthesized Fe3+–curcumin (Fe–Cur3) and Cu2+–curcumin (CD) complexes and investigated them experimentally. Further, CD was encapsulated into a poly(styrene)-co-maleic acid (SMA) micelle to enhance its stability. We assessed the cytotoxicity of these formulations both in vitro and in vivo. SMA–CD demonstrated dose-dependent cytotoxicity and abolished TNBC tumor growth in vivo. The encapsulation of the curcumin–copper complex improved its anti-cancer activity without overt adverse effects in a murine model of TNBC. These results provide evidence and insights into the value of nanoformulations in enhancing drug-delivery and increasing the potential therapeutic efficacy of curcumin derivatives.

Curcumin–copper complex nanoparticles for the management of triple-negative breast cancer

Pittalà, Valeria;
2018

Abstract

Breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed among females worldwide. Although breast cancer survival has largely improved in the past 30 years, it remains highly heterogeneous in its response to treatment. Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a subtype of breast cancer that lacks the expression of the estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (Her2). While TNBC may initially be responsive to chemotherapy, recurrence and subsequent high mortality rates are frequently reported. Studies have shown curcumin and its derivatives to be effective against TNBC cell lines in vitro. To improve its anti-cancer effects, we have synthesized Fe3+–curcumin (Fe–Cur3) and Cu2+–curcumin (CD) complexes and investigated them experimentally. Further, CD was encapsulated into a poly(styrene)-co-maleic acid (SMA) micelle to enhance its stability. We assessed the cytotoxicity of these formulations both in vitro and in vivo. SMA–CD demonstrated dose-dependent cytotoxicity and abolished TNBC tumor growth in vivo. The encapsulation of the curcumin–copper complex improved its anti-cancer activity without overt adverse effects in a murine model of TNBC. These results provide evidence and insights into the value of nanoformulations in enhancing drug-delivery and increasing the potential therapeutic efficacy of curcumin derivatives.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/359786
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