Objectives: To evaluate the effects of diuretic stimulation on Diffusion Weighted Imaging (DWI) and Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) techniques in transplanted kidneys. Methods: 33 transplanted kidney recipients underwent DWI and DTI sequences before and after furosemide. Cortical and medullary Apparent Diffusion Coefficient (ADC) and Fractional Anisotropy (FA) values were calculated in transplanted kidneys. Patients were divided into two groups according to their estimated glomerular rate filtration (Group A ≥ 60 ml/min and Group B < 60 ml/min). Wilcoxon matched pairs signed rank test was applied to compare pre- and post-furosemide values. ADC and FA values were compared between the 2 groups using a Mann-Whitney U test. Receiver Operating Curves (ROC) analysis was performed to predict normal renal function. Results: Wilcoxon test revealed a statistically significant difference for all pre- and post- ADC and FA values in group B. For group A, a significant difference was found comparing pre- and post-medullary ADC and FA values (p = 0.0151 and p = 0.0054). In the comparison between group A and group B, cortical and medullary mean ADC values were significantly different before and after furosemide. With regard to medullary FA values, a significant difference was found between groups before and after diuretic stimulation (p respectively of 0.004 and 0.042). Comparing cortical FA mean values, no statistical difference was observed between groups before and after furosemide. The highest Area Under Curve values were reported for cortical ADC (0.878) and medullary ADC (0.863) before diuretic bolus. Conclusions: In transplanted kidneys, furosemide did not improve the differentiation between normal and reduced function.
|Titolo:||Diffusion-MR in kidney transplant recipients: is diuretic stimulation a useful diagnostic tool for improving differentiation between functioning and non-functioning kidneys?|
VEROUX, Massimiliano (Penultimo) [Conceptualization]
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|