The aim of this study was to analyze the effectiveness of Lornoxicam and Flurbiprofen in reducing perioperative sequelae after impacted mandibular third molar surgery. Ninety-one patients who needed surgical extraction of an impacted mandibular third molar were selected for the study. All subjects were randomly allocated to receive one of the following treatments twice a day for 5 days after surgery: placebo (n = 29), Flurbiprofen (n = 31), or Lornoxicam (n = 31). The primary outcome was postoperative pain, evaluated using the visual analogue scale (VAS) score at 30 min, 2, 6, 12, 24, 48 h, 7 and 10 days following surgery. The secondary outcomes chosen were changes in postoperative swelling and maximum mouth opening values compared to preoperative ones. Compared to placebo, treatment with Flurbiprofen and Lornoxicam was characterised by an improvement in the primary outcome. Moreover, the treatment with Lornoxicam presented significantly lower median pain scores at 2 h (p < 0.001) and at 6 h (p = 0.016) compared to Flurbiprofen and at 2 h (p < 0.001), 6 h (p = 0.01), and at 24 h (p = 0.018) after surgery compared with placebo. Swelling and maximum mouth opening values were not significantly different between the groups at each follow-up session. This trial demonstrated that treatment with Lornoxicam showed a decrease in the incidence and severity of pain in the first postoperative phase following third molar surgery compared to Flurbiprofen and placebo.

Analysis of the Effectiveness of Lornoxicam and Flurbiprofen on Management of Pain and Sequelae Following Third Molar Surgery: A Randomized, Controlled, Clinical Trial

Gaetano Isola
Primo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Eugenio Pedullà
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Sebastiano Ferlito
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2019-01-01

Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyze the effectiveness of Lornoxicam and Flurbiprofen in reducing perioperative sequelae after impacted mandibular third molar surgery. Ninety-one patients who needed surgical extraction of an impacted mandibular third molar were selected for the study. All subjects were randomly allocated to receive one of the following treatments twice a day for 5 days after surgery: placebo (n = 29), Flurbiprofen (n = 31), or Lornoxicam (n = 31). The primary outcome was postoperative pain, evaluated using the visual analogue scale (VAS) score at 30 min, 2, 6, 12, 24, 48 h, 7 and 10 days following surgery. The secondary outcomes chosen were changes in postoperative swelling and maximum mouth opening values compared to preoperative ones. Compared to placebo, treatment with Flurbiprofen and Lornoxicam was characterised by an improvement in the primary outcome. Moreover, the treatment with Lornoxicam presented significantly lower median pain scores at 2 h (p < 0.001) and at 6 h (p = 0.016) compared to Flurbiprofen and at 2 h (p < 0.001), 6 h (p = 0.01), and at 24 h (p = 0.018) after surgery compared with placebo. Swelling and maximum mouth opening values were not significantly different between the groups at each follow-up session. This trial demonstrated that treatment with Lornoxicam showed a decrease in the incidence and severity of pain in the first postoperative phase following third molar surgery compared to Flurbiprofen and placebo.
2019
Flurbiprofen
Lornoxicam
randomized clinical trial
pain
trismus
third molar surgery
swelling
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/360989
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