The short-term adverse effects of anticancer drugs (AD) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are poorly studied and their management still represents an important challenge for clinicians. We carried out a retrospective single-center study in 168 patients with T2D and cancer, evaluating both the short-term effects of first-line AD on glycemic control and chronic diabetes complications. Average glycated hemoglobin significantly increased after AD compared to values before treatment (7.5 vs. 7.1%, p < 0.005). In 46.4% of patients, diabetes therapy had to be potentiated, in most cases (82.1%) by shifting to insulin. The use of alkylating agents and high-dose glucocorticoids predicted the need to potentiate diabetes therapy. After AD transaminase values significantly increased, whereas the estimated glomerular filtration rate decreased (in 12.5% <60 mL/min). Kinase inhibitors significantly increased the risk of microalbuminuria onset or progression. The present study provides a real-life information on the effects of different AD on the management of patients with T2D affected by several types of cancer.
|Titolo:||Short-term adverse effects of anticancer drugs in patients with type 2 diabetes|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|