The short-term adverse effects of anticancer drugs (AD) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are poorly studied and their management still represents an important challenge for clinicians. We carried out a retrospective single-center study in 168 patients with T2D and cancer, evaluating both the short-term effects of first-line AD on glycemic control and chronic diabetes complications. Average glycated hemoglobin significantly increased after AD compared to values before treatment (7.5 vs. 7.1%, p < 0.005). In 46.4% of patients, diabetes therapy had to be potentiated, in most cases (82.1%) by shifting to insulin. The use of alkylating agents and high-dose glucocorticoids predicted the need to potentiate diabetes therapy. After AD transaminase values significantly increased, whereas the estimated glomerular filtration rate decreased (in 12.5% <60 mL/min). Kinase inhibitors significantly increased the risk of microalbuminuria onset or progression. The present study provides a real-life information on the effects of different AD on the management of patients with T2D affected by several types of cancer.

Short-term adverse effects of anticancer drugs in patients with type 2 diabetes

Milluzzo, Agostino;Tumminia, Andrea;Vella, Veronica;Gianì, Fiorenza;Manzella, Livia;Frittitta, Lucia;Belfiore, Antonino;Vigneri, Riccardo;Sciacca, Laura
2019

Abstract

The short-term adverse effects of anticancer drugs (AD) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are poorly studied and their management still represents an important challenge for clinicians. We carried out a retrospective single-center study in 168 patients with T2D and cancer, evaluating both the short-term effects of first-line AD on glycemic control and chronic diabetes complications. Average glycated hemoglobin significantly increased after AD compared to values before treatment (7.5 vs. 7.1%, p < 0.005). In 46.4% of patients, diabetes therapy had to be potentiated, in most cases (82.1%) by shifting to insulin. The use of alkylating agents and high-dose glucocorticoids predicted the need to potentiate diabetes therapy. After AD transaminase values significantly increased, whereas the estimated glomerular filtration rate decreased (in 12.5% <60 mL/min). Kinase inhibitors significantly increased the risk of microalbuminuria onset or progression. The present study provides a real-life information on the effects of different AD on the management of patients with T2D affected by several types of cancer.
Anticancer treatment; Cancer; Chronic complications; Diabetes; Diabetes and Cancer; Metabolic control; Oncology; Pharmacology; Pharmacology (medical); Infectious Diseases
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/361316
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