Two β-cyclodextrin derivatives randomly appended on the primary face with both the nitric oxide (NO) photodonor 4-nitro-3-(trifluoromethyl)aniline and a mannose or α(1→2)mannobioside residue are reported to construct targeted NO photoreleasing nanocarriers. 2D ROESY and PGSE NMR suggested supramolecular homodimerization in water by inclusion of the nitroaniline group into the facing macrocycle cavities. Isothermal titration calorimetry on their concanavalin A lectin binding showed an exothermic binding event to the lectin and an endothermic process during the dilution of the conjugates. Both α(1→2)mannobioside and the nitroaniline moieties significantly enhanced the binding to the lectin. These effects might arise from a better fit within the carbohydrate-recognition site in the former case and a multivalent effect caused by homodimerization in the latter. Direct detection of NO by amperometric technique shows that both β-cyclodextrin derivatives release this radical upon excitation with visible light with higher efficiency than the unfunctionalized NO photodonor.
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