Tannins have been demonstrated to have antioxidant and various health benefit properties. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of an ethanol extract (TRE) of a commercial oenological tannin (Quercus robur toasted oak wood, Tan'Activ R ® ) on female gamete using an in vitro model of pig oocyte maturation (IVM) and examining nuclear maturation, cytoplasmic maturation, intracellular GSH and ROS levels and cumulus cell steroidogenesis. To this aim, during IVM performed in medium either supplemented (IVM A) or not supplemented (IVM B) with cysteine and β-mercaptoethanol, TRE was added at different concentrations (0, 1, 5, 10, 20 μg/ml). The addition of TRE at all the concentration tested to either IVM A or IVM B, did not influence oocyte nuclear maturation. When IVM was performed in IVM A, no effect was induced on cytoplasmic maturation by TRE at the concentration of 1, 5 and 10 μg/ml, while TRE 20 μg/ml significantly reduced the penetration rate after IVF (p < 0.05) and the blastocyst rate after parthenogenetic activation (p < 0.01). Oocyte maturation in IVM B, compared to IVM A group, decreased GSH (p < 0.001) and increased ROS (p < 0.01) intracellular levels and in turn impaired oocyte cytoplasmic maturation reducing the ability to sustain male pronuclear formation after IVM (p < 0.001) and the developmental competence after parthenogenetic activation (p < 0.001). TRE supplementation to IVM B significantly reduced ROS production (5, 10, 20 μg/ml TRE) to levels similar to IVM A group, and increased GSH levels (10, 20 μg/ml TRE) compared to IVM B (p < 0.05) without reaching those of IVM A group. TRE supplementation to IVM B at the concentrations of 1, 5 and 10 μg/ml significantly improved (p < 0.001) oocyte cytoplasmic maturation enhancing the ability to sustain male pronuclear formation without reaching, however, IVM A group levels. TRE addition at all the concentration tested to both IVM A and IVM B, did not induce any effect on E2 and P4 secretion by cumulus cells suggesting that the biological effect of the ethanol extract is not exerted thought a modulation of cumulus cell steroidogenesis. In conclusion, TRE, thanks to its antioxidant activity, was partially able to reduce the negative effect of the absence of cysteine and β-mercaptoethanol in IVM B, while TRE at high concentration in IVM A was detrimental for oocyte cytoplasmic maturation underlying the importance of maintaining a balanced redox environment during oocyte maturation.
|Titolo:||A polyphenol-rich extract from an oenological oak-derived tannin influences in vitro maturation of porcine oocytes|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|