Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an immune-mediated acute disorder of the peripheral nervous system. Despite treatment, there is an associated mortality and severe disability in 9 to 17% of the cases. Decitabine (DAC) is a hypomethylating drug used in myelodisplastic syndrome, that has been shown to exert immunomodulatory effects. We have evaluated the effects of DAC in two rodent models of GBS, the Experimental Allergic Neuritis (EAN). Both prophylactic and therapeutic treatment with DAC ameliorated the clinical course of EAN, increasing the numbers of thymic regulatory T cells and reducing the production of proinflammmatory cytokines. Our data suggest the possible use of decitabine for the treatment of GBS.

Decitabine induces regulatory T cells, inhibits the production of IFN-gamma and IL-17 and exerts preventive and therapeutic efficacy in rodent experimental autoimmune neuritis

Fagone, Paolo;Mazzon, Emanuela;Mammana, Santa;Mangano, Katia;Nicoletti, Ferdinando
2018

Abstract

Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an immune-mediated acute disorder of the peripheral nervous system. Despite treatment, there is an associated mortality and severe disability in 9 to 17% of the cases. Decitabine (DAC) is a hypomethylating drug used in myelodisplastic syndrome, that has been shown to exert immunomodulatory effects. We have evaluated the effects of DAC in two rodent models of GBS, the Experimental Allergic Neuritis (EAN). Both prophylactic and therapeutic treatment with DAC ameliorated the clinical course of EAN, increasing the numbers of thymic regulatory T cells and reducing the production of proinflammmatory cytokines. Our data suggest the possible use of decitabine for the treatment of GBS.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Decitabine induces regulatory T cells.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione Editoriale (PDF)
Dimensione 1.4 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.4 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/361745
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 9
  • Scopus 10
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 11
social impact