This paper introduces a soft sensor (SS) for the estimation of the deflection of a polymeric mechanical actuator. The actuator is based on ionic polymer-metal composites (IPMCs). Applications of IPMCs have been proposed in fields such as robotics, surgery, and aerospace, to mention the most interesting ones. In such application fields, both the complexity and the size of the actuating system are of chief importance. An SS can be, therefore, preferred to hardware measuring the actuator output, for estimating the actuator motion. Also, low-order models are of interest to limit the computational load, which can be a constraint in real-time applications. To this aim, several data-driven nonlinear finite-impulse response (NFIR) models have been investigated. Data, used for the model identification, have been acquired, in controlled environmental conditions, by using swept signals as the input to the IPMC actuator. Linear and nonlinear models, based on principal component analysis, shallow, and deep neural networks (NNs), have been investigated, for different model orders. The best results have been obtained by an SS based on a fifth-order NFIR model, implemented by a deep belief NN.

Low-order Nonlinear Finite-Impulse Response Soft Sensors for Ionic Electroactive Actuators Based on Deep Learning

Ando, Bruno;Graziani, Salvatore
;
2019

Abstract

This paper introduces a soft sensor (SS) for the estimation of the deflection of a polymeric mechanical actuator. The actuator is based on ionic polymer-metal composites (IPMCs). Applications of IPMCs have been proposed in fields such as robotics, surgery, and aerospace, to mention the most interesting ones. In such application fields, both the complexity and the size of the actuating system are of chief importance. An SS can be, therefore, preferred to hardware measuring the actuator output, for estimating the actuator motion. Also, low-order models are of interest to limit the computational load, which can be a constraint in real-time applications. To this aim, several data-driven nonlinear finite-impulse response (NFIR) models have been investigated. Data, used for the model identification, have been acquired, in controlled environmental conditions, by using swept signals as the input to the IPMC actuator. Linear and nonlinear models, based on principal component analysis, shallow, and deep neural networks (NNs), have been investigated, for different model orders. The best results have been obtained by an SS based on a fifth-order NFIR model, implemented by a deep belief NN.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/361853
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