To perform a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared the effects of treatment with intravitreal injections of triamcinolone acetonide (TA) with the standard of care for ocular inflammatory diseases. METHODS: Medline database was searched for causes of macular edema terms in association with intravitreal triamcinolone. The primary outcome of interest included changes in best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and central macular thickness (CMT). Pooled summary estimates for primary outcomes were calculated as weighted mean differences (WMD) either on a fixed- or random-effect model. RESULTS: A total of 8 studies were included for quantitative analysis. Treatment with intravitreal TA showed improvement in BCVA compared with standard of care at 1 month (WMD, -0.09; 95% confidence interval [CI], -0.17 to -0.02), at 4 months (WMD, -0.09; 95% CI, -0.15 to -0.03), at 6 months (WMD, -0.13; 95% CI, -0.21 to -0.05), and in CMT at 1 month (WMD, -88.14; 95% CI, -105.86 to -70.43). Increased intraocular pressure (IOP) among patients treated with intravitreal TA was found at 4 months (WMD, 2.83; 95% CI, 1.96 to 3.70), persisting also at 12 months (WMD, 3.78; 95% CI, 2.97 to 4.59), compared with those receiving the standard of care. All outcomes are mostly equivalent at further follow-up times. CONCLUSIONS: Intravitreal injections of TA may offer certain advantages over the standard of care for ocular inflammatory diseases, especially in the early stage of follow-up. However, it is necessary to take into account risks and benefits of TA treatment for ocular inflammatory diseases due to possible ocular hypertension elicited, in general, by intravitreal injection of corticosteroids.
|Titolo:||Intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide in the treatment of ophthalmic inflammatory diseases with macular edema: a meta-analysis study.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|