Previous studies proposed the application of DNA methylation signatures as clinical biomarkers of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). However, the characterization of Long Interspersed Nuclear Element-1 (LINE-1) methylation levels-a surrogate marker of global DNA methylation-in AMD patients has not been investigated so far. In the present study, we first characterized DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) and Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) functions in blood samples of 40 AMD patients and 10 age- and sex-matched controls. Then, we evaluated whether changes in DNMTs functions were associated with different LINE-1 methylation levels in leukocyte DNA. We demonstrated that total DNMTs activity was 48% higher in AMD patients than in controls (p = 0.005). AMD patients also exhibited up-regulation of DNMT1 and DNMT3B expression (FC = 2.6; p = 0.003 and FC = 2.4; p = 0.018, respectively). In line with increased DNMTs functions, the LINE-1 methylation level was higher in AMD patients than in controls (mean = 69.10%; SE = 0.68 vs. mean = 65.73%; SE = 0.59; p = 0.020). All p-values were adjusted by Bonferroni correction. In AMD patients, LINE-1 methylation level was positively associated with total DNMTs activity (r = 0.694; p < 0.001), DNMT1 (r = 0.579; p < 0.001), and DNMT3B (r = 0.521; p = 0.001) expression. Our results encourage further large-size prospective research to understand the relationship between LINE-1 methylation and AMD aetiology, and its usefulness in the clinical setting.

Characterization of SIRT1/DNMTs Functions and LINE-1 Methylation in Patients with Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Maugeri, Andrea;Barchitta, Martina;Fallico, Matteo;Castellino, Niccolò;Reibaldi, Michele;Agodi, Antonella
Ultimo
2019

Abstract

Previous studies proposed the application of DNA methylation signatures as clinical biomarkers of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). However, the characterization of Long Interspersed Nuclear Element-1 (LINE-1) methylation levels-a surrogate marker of global DNA methylation-in AMD patients has not been investigated so far. In the present study, we first characterized DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) and Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) functions in blood samples of 40 AMD patients and 10 age- and sex-matched controls. Then, we evaluated whether changes in DNMTs functions were associated with different LINE-1 methylation levels in leukocyte DNA. We demonstrated that total DNMTs activity was 48% higher in AMD patients than in controls (p = 0.005). AMD patients also exhibited up-regulation of DNMT1 and DNMT3B expression (FC = 2.6; p = 0.003 and FC = 2.4; p = 0.018, respectively). In line with increased DNMTs functions, the LINE-1 methylation level was higher in AMD patients than in controls (mean = 69.10%; SE = 0.68 vs. mean = 65.73%; SE = 0.59; p = 0.020). All p-values were adjusted by Bonferroni correction. In AMD patients, LINE-1 methylation level was positively associated with total DNMTs activity (r = 0.694; p < 0.001), DNMT1 (r = 0.579; p < 0.001), and DNMT3B (r = 0.521; p = 0.001) expression. Our results encourage further large-size prospective research to understand the relationship between LINE-1 methylation and AMD aetiology, and its usefulness in the clinical setting.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/362484
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