Several biological aspects of juvenile specimens of Raja radula were investigated from February to May 2017 in the central Mediterranean Sea. Diet, sex ratio, disc width-weight relationships, and size-frequency distribution were analyzed. Stomach content analysis of 127 collected specimens showed that juveniles of R. radula actively feed on small benthic crustaceans, particularly on amphipods and isopods (Idotea balthica) (%IRI values of 62.74% and 12.39%, respectively). Although the Levin's index value (Bi = 0.44) indicated that juveniles of R. radula are a moderately stenophagous feeders, active mostly on crustaceans, the analysis of the prey-specific (Pi) biomass of the main preys vs. the frequency of their occurrence (%F) showed no clear dominance. The analysis of the sex ratio showed no significant difference in sex distribution. However, there were significant differences in mean size between sexes: females were, on average, larger than males, and also the b value (slope of the curve) of the disc width-weight relationships was higher in females.

Some biological aspects of juveniles of the rough ray, Raja radula Delaroche, 1809 in Eastern Sicily (central Mediterranean Sea)

Tiralongo, Francesco
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Messina, Giuseppina;Tibullo, Daniele;Lombardo, Bianca Maria
2018-01-01

Abstract

Several biological aspects of juvenile specimens of Raja radula were investigated from February to May 2017 in the central Mediterranean Sea. Diet, sex ratio, disc width-weight relationships, and size-frequency distribution were analyzed. Stomach content analysis of 127 collected specimens showed that juveniles of R. radula actively feed on small benthic crustaceans, particularly on amphipods and isopods (Idotea balthica) (%IRI values of 62.74% and 12.39%, respectively). Although the Levin's index value (Bi = 0.44) indicated that juveniles of R. radula are a moderately stenophagous feeders, active mostly on crustaceans, the analysis of the prey-specific (Pi) biomass of the main preys vs. the frequency of their occurrence (%F) showed no clear dominance. The analysis of the sex ratio showed no significant difference in sex distribution. However, there were significant differences in mean size between sexes: females were, on average, larger than males, and also the b value (slope of the curve) of the disc width-weight relationships was higher in females.
2018
Elasmobranchii; Feeding habits; Fisheries; Ionian Sea; Rajidae; Skates; Oceanography; Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics; Aquatic Science
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/362650
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