The potential of pyrene-1-sulfonate to act as an emitting anion for the development of ionic liquids is explored here. Amphiphilic trimethylpropylammonium hepta(isooctyl)octasilsesquioxane and conventional imidazolium, namely, 1-vinyl-3-hexyl-, 1-vinyl-3-decyl-, and 1-methyl-3-decyl-imidazolium, featuring moderate alkyl chain length substituents, have been chosen as countercations. The new species have been synthesized via simple metathesis reactions involving pyrene-1-sulfonate sodium salt and the appropriate halide cation precursors. Their thermal behavior has been investigated by thermogravimetric and differential scanning calorimetry at different scanning rates. According to this latter technique, only the trimethylpropylammonium hepta(isooctyl)octasilsesquioxane pyrenesulfonate adduct, displaying a reversible glass transition at -4.2 °C, may be classified as an ionic liquid. All pyrene-1-sulfonate imidazolium-based ion pairs are crystalline solids with the melting point just above 100 °C that produce very complex, nonreversible, and scanning rate-dependent thermograms, very likely arising from polymorphism phenomena. Such a behavior may be attributed to the pyrene-1-sulfonate polycyclic system, which in solution, as confirmed through spectroscopic characterization, displays a general attitude in promoting supramolecular structures via cation interactions. Emission lifetime measurements on the emitting fluorophore reveal that there are at least two different active species, whereas light scattering measurements show the presence of aggregates with hydrodynamic radii depending on the medium and adduct concentration. Tests aimed at investigating the potential of these novel pyrene-1-sulfonate salts in functionalization/exfoliation of graphite flakes are also reported here.

Novel Luminescent Ionic Adducts Based on Pyrene-1-sulfonate

Fazio, Enza;Nicosia, Angelo;
2018

Abstract

The potential of pyrene-1-sulfonate to act as an emitting anion for the development of ionic liquids is explored here. Amphiphilic trimethylpropylammonium hepta(isooctyl)octasilsesquioxane and conventional imidazolium, namely, 1-vinyl-3-hexyl-, 1-vinyl-3-decyl-, and 1-methyl-3-decyl-imidazolium, featuring moderate alkyl chain length substituents, have been chosen as countercations. The new species have been synthesized via simple metathesis reactions involving pyrene-1-sulfonate sodium salt and the appropriate halide cation precursors. Their thermal behavior has been investigated by thermogravimetric and differential scanning calorimetry at different scanning rates. According to this latter technique, only the trimethylpropylammonium hepta(isooctyl)octasilsesquioxane pyrenesulfonate adduct, displaying a reversible glass transition at -4.2 °C, may be classified as an ionic liquid. All pyrene-1-sulfonate imidazolium-based ion pairs are crystalline solids with the melting point just above 100 °C that produce very complex, nonreversible, and scanning rate-dependent thermograms, very likely arising from polymorphism phenomena. Such a behavior may be attributed to the pyrene-1-sulfonate polycyclic system, which in solution, as confirmed through spectroscopic characterization, displays a general attitude in promoting supramolecular structures via cation interactions. Emission lifetime measurements on the emitting fluorophore reveal that there are at least two different active species, whereas light scattering measurements show the presence of aggregates with hydrodynamic radii depending on the medium and adduct concentration. Tests aimed at investigating the potential of these novel pyrene-1-sulfonate salts in functionalization/exfoliation of graphite flakes are also reported here.
Chemistry (all); Chemical Engineering (all)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/363126
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