An increased standardized incidence and mortality rate were reported due to malignant mesothelioma (MM) in Biancavilla. Environmental investigations showed the presence of an asbestiform fiber: fluoro-edenite (FE). MM develops with a latency of 20-60 years from exposure and specific and sensitive biomarkers are urgently needed. For this purpose, we evaluated Fibulin-3 (Fb-3) immunoexpression in human cases of MM related to FE exposure and its prognostic role. Immunohistochemical analysis of Fb-3 was carried out in eight MM patients resident in Biancavilla and the analysis showed evidence of environmental exposure to FE fibers. Six MM cases (3 epithelioid and 3 biphasic) showed a high immunoexpression of Fb-3 in neoplastic cells with nuclear and cytoplasmic localization. One epithelioid and one biphasic subtype did not show Fb-3 immunostaining. The results demonstrate the implication of Fb-3 in MM due to FE exposure and may possibly suggest its potential role as a diagnostic and prognostic marker.
|Titolo:||Fibulin-3 immunoexpression in malignant mesothelioma due to fluoro-edenite: A preliminary report|
CALTABIANO, ROSARIO (Primo)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|