1. We have demonstrated recently that exogenous prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) inhibits electrical field stimulation (EFS)-induced acetylcholine (ACh) release from parasympathetic nerve terminals innervating guinea-pig trachea. In the present study, we have attempted to characterize the pre-junctional prostanoid receptor(s) responsible for the inhibitory action of PGE2 and to assess whether other prostanoids modulate, at a prejunctional level, cholinergic neurotransmission in guinea-pig trachea. To this end, we have investigated the effect of a range of both natural and synthetic prostanoid agonists and antagonists on EFS-evoked [3H]-ACh release. 2. In epithelium-denuded tracheal strips pretreated with indomethacin (10 μM), PGE2 (0.1 nM-l μM) inhibited EFS-evoked [3H]-ACh release in a concentration-dependent manner with an EC50 and maximal effect of 7.62 nM and 74% inhibition, respectively. Cicaprost, an IP-receptor agonist, PGF(2α) and the stable thromboxane mimetic, U46619 (each at 1 μM), also inhibited [3H]-ACh release by 48%, 41% and 35%, respectively. PGD2 (1 μM) had no significant effect on [3H]-ACh release. 3. The selective TP-receptor antagonist, ICI 192,605 (0.1 μM), completely reversed the inhibition of cholinergic neurotransmission induced by U-46619, but had no significant effect on similar responses effected by PGE2 and PGF(2α). 4. A number of EP-receptor agonists mimicked the ability of PGE2 to inhibit [3H]-ACh release with a rank order of potency: GR63799X (EP3-selective) > PGE2 > M and B 28,767 (EP3 selective) > 17-phenyl-ω-trinor PGE2 (EP1-selective). The EP2-selective agonist, AH 13205 (1 μM), did not affect EFS-induced [3H]-ACh release. 5. AH6809 (10 μM), at a concentration 10 to 100 times greater than its pA2 at DP-, EP1- and EP2-receptors, failed to reverse the inhibitory effect of PGE2 or 17-phenyl-ω-trinor PGE2 on [3H]-ACh release. 6. These results suggest that PGE2 inhibits [3H]-ACh release from parasympathetic nerves supplying guinea-pig trachea via an interaction with prejunctional prostanoid receptors of the EP3-receptor subtype. Evidence for inhibitory prejunctional TP- and, possibly, IP-receptors was also obtained although these receptors may play only a minor role in suppressing [3H]-ACh release when compared to receptors of the EP3-subtype. However, the relative importance of the different receptors will depend not only on the sensitivity of guinea-pig trachea to prostanoids but on the nature of the endogenous ligands released locally that have activity on parasympathetic nerves.
|Titolo:||Prostaglandin E2 suppression of acetylcholine release from parasympathetic nerves innervating guinea-pig trachea by interacting with prostanoid receptors of the EP3-subtype|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1998|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|