The mechanism of seismic attenuation for shear waves was studied through the separate measure of the intrinsic dissipation and scattering coefficients. A modified version of the Multiple Lapse TimeWindowAnalysis (MLTWA)was applied to about 5000 local earthquakes with magnitude 1.5 ≤ Ml ≤ 4.8 occurred in the period 2006-2017 in both the tectonic (Peloritani Mountains and Hyblean Plateau) and volcanic (Aeolian Islands and Mt Etna) areas of eastern Sicily. Observed data, processed via direct Fourier Transform instead of the filtering and averaging procedures utilized in the ordinary MLTWA technique, were fit to the correspondent Paasschens solution of the Energy Transport model in 3D. Model parameters B0, the seismic albedo, and Le, the extinction length, in turn associated with the intrinsic (Qi) and scattering (Qs) quality factors for S waves, are thus obtained from the fit in the frequency bands centred at 1.5, 3, 6 and 12 Hz. Finally, the corrections to these estimates in case of an opaque layer (the crust) overlying a uniform and transparent mantle, were applied in order to obtain more realistic estimates of the seismic attenuation in the areas investigated. Obtained results are first interpreted in terms of the characteristics of each domain and then compared by the same point of view with a huge set of measurements of the same parameters carried out in other tectonic and volcanic domains through the world. Results show how the rock heterogeneity characterizes the tectonic domain and determines the value of total attenuation coefficient, which, on the other hand, is a crucial parameter in the estimation of the seismic hazard

Study of the regional pattern of intrinsic and scattering seismic attenuation in Eastern Sicily (Italy) from local earthquakes

Gresta S.
;
2019

Abstract

The mechanism of seismic attenuation for shear waves was studied through the separate measure of the intrinsic dissipation and scattering coefficients. A modified version of the Multiple Lapse TimeWindowAnalysis (MLTWA)was applied to about 5000 local earthquakes with magnitude 1.5 ≤ Ml ≤ 4.8 occurred in the period 2006-2017 in both the tectonic (Peloritani Mountains and Hyblean Plateau) and volcanic (Aeolian Islands and Mt Etna) areas of eastern Sicily. Observed data, processed via direct Fourier Transform instead of the filtering and averaging procedures utilized in the ordinary MLTWA technique, were fit to the correspondent Paasschens solution of the Energy Transport model in 3D. Model parameters B0, the seismic albedo, and Le, the extinction length, in turn associated with the intrinsic (Qi) and scattering (Qs) quality factors for S waves, are thus obtained from the fit in the frequency bands centred at 1.5, 3, 6 and 12 Hz. Finally, the corrections to these estimates in case of an opaque layer (the crust) overlying a uniform and transparent mantle, were applied in order to obtain more realistic estimates of the seismic attenuation in the areas investigated. Obtained results are first interpreted in terms of the characteristics of each domain and then compared by the same point of view with a huge set of measurements of the same parameters carried out in other tectonic and volcanic domains through the world. Results show how the rock heterogeneity characterizes the tectonic domain and determines the value of total attenuation coefficient, which, on the other hand, is a crucial parameter in the estimation of the seismic hazard
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
2019_GJI_Q_Iblei.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Versione Editoriale (PDF)
Dimensione 754.58 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
754.58 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/364653
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 12
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 12
social impact