Medical residents (MRs) are healthcare workers (HCWs) who are likely to be exposed to blood-borne pathogens such as hepatitis B virus (HBV). A total of 220 (100%) MRs from Catania University Hospital (Italy) were enrolled for a seroprevalence study in the framework of occupational surveillance in order to evaluate HBV vaccination coverage. For each MR, Hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAg), Hepatitis B surface antibody (HBsAb), Hepatitis B core antiboy (HbcAb), Hepatitis C antibody (HCV-Ab) and HIV antibody (HIV-Ab) were assessed. No one was found to be positive for: HbsAg, HbcAb, HCV-Ab or HIV-Ab. HBV vaccination coverage was found in 80% of those tested. A total of 45 MRs showed a nonprotective antibody titer; in eight, complete vaccination had never been carried out; in 37, the vaccination had been carried out, but the antibody titer was not protective. This research showed high adherence to HBV vaccination; however, the vaccine coverage of HCWs is still suboptimal. Vaccinations for HCWs should be made mandatory.

Hepatitis B vaccination coverage among medical residents from Catania University Hospital, Italy

Rapisarda, Venerando;Senia, Paola;VELLA, FRANCESCA;Murabito, Paolo;Salerno, Monica;Ledda, Caterina
2019

Abstract

Medical residents (MRs) are healthcare workers (HCWs) who are likely to be exposed to blood-borne pathogens such as hepatitis B virus (HBV). A total of 220 (100%) MRs from Catania University Hospital (Italy) were enrolled for a seroprevalence study in the framework of occupational surveillance in order to evaluate HBV vaccination coverage. For each MR, Hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAg), Hepatitis B surface antibody (HBsAb), Hepatitis B core antiboy (HbcAb), Hepatitis C antibody (HCV-Ab) and HIV antibody (HIV-Ab) were assessed. No one was found to be positive for: HbsAg, HbcAb, HCV-Ab or HIV-Ab. HBV vaccination coverage was found in 80% of those tested. A total of 45 MRs showed a nonprotective antibody titer; in eight, complete vaccination had never been carried out; in 37, the vaccination had been carried out, but the antibody titer was not protective. This research showed high adherence to HBV vaccination; however, the vaccine coverage of HCWs is still suboptimal. Vaccinations for HCWs should be made mandatory.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/366132
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