The zinc(II) ion forms stable complexes with a wide variety of ligands, but those related to Schiffbases are among the most largely investigated. This review deals with the peculiar aggregation characteristics of Zn(II) Schiffbase complexes from tetradentate N2O2 salentype ligands, L, derivatives from salicylaldehydes and 1,2diamines, and is mostly focused on their spectroscopic properties in solution. Thanks to their Lewis acidic character, ZnL complexes show interesting structural, nanostructural, and aggregation/deaggregation properties in relation to the absence/presence of a Lewis base. Deaggregation of these complexes is accompanied by relevant changes of their spectroscopic properties that can appropriately be exploited for sensing Lewis bases. Thus, ZnL complexes have been investigated as chromogenic and fluorogenic chemosensors of charged and neutral Lewis bases, including cell imaging, and have shown to be selective and sensitive to the Lewis basicity of the involved species. From these studies emerges that these popular, Lewis acidic bis(salicylaldiminato)Zn(II) Schiffbase complexes represent classical coordination compounds for modern applications.

On the Aggregation and Sensing Properties of Zinc(II) Schiff-Base Complexes of Salen-Type Ligands

Giuseppe Consiglio;Ivan Pietro Oliveri;Salvatore Failla
;
Santo Di Bella
2019

Abstract

The zinc(II) ion forms stable complexes with a wide variety of ligands, but those related to Schiffbases are among the most largely investigated. This review deals with the peculiar aggregation characteristics of Zn(II) Schiffbase complexes from tetradentate N2O2 salentype ligands, L, derivatives from salicylaldehydes and 1,2diamines, and is mostly focused on their spectroscopic properties in solution. Thanks to their Lewis acidic character, ZnL complexes show interesting structural, nanostructural, and aggregation/deaggregation properties in relation to the absence/presence of a Lewis base. Deaggregation of these complexes is accompanied by relevant changes of their spectroscopic properties that can appropriately be exploited for sensing Lewis bases. Thus, ZnL complexes have been investigated as chromogenic and fluorogenic chemosensors of charged and neutral Lewis bases, including cell imaging, and have shown to be selective and sensitive to the Lewis basicity of the involved species. From these studies emerges that these popular, Lewis acidic bis(salicylaldiminato)Zn(II) Schiffbase complexes represent classical coordination compounds for modern applications.
Schiff-bases; salen; zinc(II) complexes; molecular aggregation; sensing
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/367159
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