BACKGROUND: An alternative approach to surgery for treating class II adult borderline patients is the non-extraction and multiloop edgewise archwire (MEAW) technique. The aim of the present study is to compare dentoskeletal effects of the orthognathic surgery with the MEAW technique. METHODS: Thirteen adults (ten women, three men; mean age, 27.8 years) were consecutively treated using the MEAW approach. The control group was made of 13 adults (nine women, four men; mean age, 26.2 years) treated by orthognathic surgery and the multibracket appliance before and after surgery. Lateral headfilms before and after all the treatments were traced for linear and angular measurements, and data were blindly analyzed. ANOVA was conducted to compare any difference over time between the two treatments. Differences over time for each variable, separately for surgery and MEAW, were assessed by Wilcoxon test. RESULTS: No significant differences between the two groups were detected at baseline. Both treatments were effective in correcting dental discrepancies. A significant difference over time between the two treatments was found in several cephalometric measurements. CONCLUSIONS: Considering the limits of the present sample the following conclusion emerged: in the MEAW group, the malocclusion correction was predominantly dentoalveolar, and a significant profile change was observed. Significant skeletal and occlusal plane changes were obtained with the orthognathic surgery approach.

Non-extraction and multiloop edgewise technique versus orthognathic surgery and fixed appliance in adult class II patients: a cephalometric comparative study

Isola, Gaetano;
2019

Abstract

BACKGROUND: An alternative approach to surgery for treating class II adult borderline patients is the non-extraction and multiloop edgewise archwire (MEAW) technique. The aim of the present study is to compare dentoskeletal effects of the orthognathic surgery with the MEAW technique. METHODS: Thirteen adults (ten women, three men; mean age, 27.8 years) were consecutively treated using the MEAW approach. The control group was made of 13 adults (nine women, four men; mean age, 26.2 years) treated by orthognathic surgery and the multibracket appliance before and after surgery. Lateral headfilms before and after all the treatments were traced for linear and angular measurements, and data were blindly analyzed. ANOVA was conducted to compare any difference over time between the two treatments. Differences over time for each variable, separately for surgery and MEAW, were assessed by Wilcoxon test. RESULTS: No significant differences between the two groups were detected at baseline. Both treatments were effective in correcting dental discrepancies. A significant difference over time between the two treatments was found in several cephalometric measurements. CONCLUSIONS: Considering the limits of the present sample the following conclusion emerged: in the MEAW group, the malocclusion correction was predominantly dentoalveolar, and a significant profile change was observed. Significant skeletal and occlusal plane changes were obtained with the orthognathic surgery approach.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/367461
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