This study aimed to shed further light on the capacity of macrophytes to translocate, accumulate and bioindicate the levels of trace elements present in contaminated water and sediments. Specifically, this study aimed to find evidence whether translocation, accumulation and bioindication are dependent on the kind of trace element and plant species. To investigate the correlation between trace elements in plants and in the environment, the concentrations of As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn were analyzed in twenty different wetland plants, and in water and sediments from a wetland area affected by urban and industrial pollutants. Results showed that wetland plants share some common characteristics such as high tolerance to toxic element levels, capacity of phytostabilization and different element concentrations in the various organs. Moreover, element translocation from sediments to roots seems more influenced by the kind of plant species and trace element, whereas translocation across the various organs seems mainly species-specific. No clear patterns of trace element translocation were identified according to plant life forms. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Translocation, accumulation and bioindication of trace elements in wetland plants

Cirelli, GL
2018

Abstract

This study aimed to shed further light on the capacity of macrophytes to translocate, accumulate and bioindicate the levels of trace elements present in contaminated water and sediments. Specifically, this study aimed to find evidence whether translocation, accumulation and bioindication are dependent on the kind of trace element and plant species. To investigate the correlation between trace elements in plants and in the environment, the concentrations of As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn were analyzed in twenty different wetland plants, and in water and sediments from a wetland area affected by urban and industrial pollutants. Results showed that wetland plants share some common characteristics such as high tolerance to toxic element levels, capacity of phytostabilization and different element concentrations in the various organs. Moreover, element translocation from sediments to roots seems more influenced by the kind of plant species and trace element, whereas translocation across the various organs seems mainly species-specific. No clear patterns of trace element translocation were identified according to plant life forms. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Environmental pollution; Macrophytes; Trace elements; Element mobility; Phytoremediation; Bioindicators
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/367505
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