The present study investigated the association of maternal dietary patterns with pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and total gestational weight gain (GWG), using data of 232 women from the "Mamma & Bambino" cohort. Dietary patterns were derived by a food frequency questionnaire and principal component analysis. Self-reported pre-pregnancy BMI and GWG were calculated according to the World Health Organization and Institute of Medicine guidelines, respectively. The adherence to the "Western" dietary pattern-characterized by high intake of red meat, fries, dipping sauces, salty snacks and alcoholic drinks-was associated with increased GWG (β = 1.217; standard error [SE] = 0.487; p = 0.013), especially among obese women (β = 7.363; SE = 1.808; p = 0.005). In contrast, the adherence to the "prudent" dietary pattern-characterized by high intake of boiled potatoes, cooked vegetables, legumes, pizza and soup-was associated with reduced pre-pregnancy BMI (β = -0.631; SE = 0.318; p-trend = 0.038). Interestingly, the adherence to this pattern was positively associated with GWG among underweight (β = 4.127; SE = 1.722; p = 0.048), and negatively among overweight and obese individuals (β = -4.209; SE = 1.635; p = 0.016 and β = -7.356; SE = 2.304; p = 0.031, respectively). Our findings point out that the promotion of a healthy diet might represent a potential preventive strategy against inadequate weight gain, even during the periconceptional period.

Maternal Dietary Patterns Are Associated with Pre-Pregnancy Body Mass Index and Gestational Weight Gain: Results from the "Mamma & Bambino" Cohort

Maugeri A.;Barchitta M.;Favara G.;La Rosa M. C.;La Mastra C.;Magnano San Lio R.;Agodi A.
2019

Abstract

The present study investigated the association of maternal dietary patterns with pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and total gestational weight gain (GWG), using data of 232 women from the "Mamma & Bambino" cohort. Dietary patterns were derived by a food frequency questionnaire and principal component analysis. Self-reported pre-pregnancy BMI and GWG were calculated according to the World Health Organization and Institute of Medicine guidelines, respectively. The adherence to the "Western" dietary pattern-characterized by high intake of red meat, fries, dipping sauces, salty snacks and alcoholic drinks-was associated with increased GWG (β = 1.217; standard error [SE] = 0.487; p = 0.013), especially among obese women (β = 7.363; SE = 1.808; p = 0.005). In contrast, the adherence to the "prudent" dietary pattern-characterized by high intake of boiled potatoes, cooked vegetables, legumes, pizza and soup-was associated with reduced pre-pregnancy BMI (β = -0.631; SE = 0.318; p-trend = 0.038). Interestingly, the adherence to this pattern was positively associated with GWG among underweight (β = 4.127; SE = 1.722; p = 0.048), and negatively among overweight and obese individuals (β = -4.209; SE = 1.635; p = 0.016 and β = -7.356; SE = 2.304; p = 0.031, respectively). Our findings point out that the promotion of a healthy diet might represent a potential preventive strategy against inadequate weight gain, even during the periconceptional period.
diet; dietary assessment; epidemiology; neonatal outcomes; pregnancy; public health
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/367705
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