In heavy ion collisions at low energy (E/A < 10–15 MeV/nucleon) the N/Z ratio in the entrance channel is closely related to the isospin degree of freedom and can influence the reaction mechanisms and consequently the production of the fragments in the exit channel. We analyse the fragment production cross sections in the reactions 86 Kr + 48 Ca and 78 Kr + 40 Ca , at the laboratory energy of 10 MeV/nucleon. The experiment was conducted at the INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Sud in Catania, by using the 4 π detector CHIMERA. For the two reactions, elastic scattering measurements are performed to extract the normalization factor used to evaluate the absolute cross sections. Velocity and energy spectra, mass and charge distributions, as well as dynamic features of reaction products, are studied. The study of the characteristics of mass and charge distributions, energy and velocity spectra of the reaction products shows mainly a relaxed component, related to fusion reaction followed by evaporation or binary decay. Nevertheless signals ascribable to a non equilibrated component are present. Structure effects are evident in the staggered shape of emitted fragments cross sections and are more pronounced in the neutron poor system. The analysis highlights clear differences for the two systems in the contributions arising from different reaction mechanisms. Besides, a study of the overall influence from the entrance channel energy is performed. Comparisons to DNS (DiNuclear System) and GEMINI++ models are reported. The data analysis indicates a slightly higher fusion-evaporation cross section and a strongly pronounced probability of fission-like processes for the neutron poor system with respect to the neutron rich one. The neutron enrichment seems thus to limit the formation of the composite system and to inhibit the fission decay channel.
|Titolo:||Isospin influence on fragments production in 78 Kr + 40 Ca and 86 Kr + 48 Ca collisions at 10 MeV/nucleon|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|