We report a case of chronic myeloid leukemia in a 52-year-old male expressing a rare e14a3 BCR-ABL1 fusion transcript. Cytogenetic analysis showed the t(9;22) translocation and multiplex RT-PCR detected an atypical fragment of approximately 230 base pairs. Using two primers recognizing exon 10 of BCR and exon 4 of ABL1, a larger PCR product was identified, cloned, sequenced and defined as an e14a3 BCR-ABL1 rearrangement. The patient was treated with nilotinib and monitored measuring cytogenetic and hematological parameters, while BCR-ABL1 transcripts were surveyed by conventional and semi-nested PCR. The patient achieved a complete hematologic response after two months of treatment followed by a complete cytogenetic remission two months later. Furthermore, PCR and semi-nested PCR failed to detect the e14a3 BCR-ABL1 mRNA after 15 and 21 months of nilotinib, respectively.

Rapid decline of philadelphia-positive metaphases after nilotinib treatment in a CML patient expressing a rare e14a3 BCR-ABL1 fusion transcript: A case report

Massimino M.;Stella S.;Tirro E.;Consoli M. L.;Pennisi M. S.;Zammit V.;Di Raimondo F.;Manzella L.
2019

Abstract

We report a case of chronic myeloid leukemia in a 52-year-old male expressing a rare e14a3 BCR-ABL1 fusion transcript. Cytogenetic analysis showed the t(9;22) translocation and multiplex RT-PCR detected an atypical fragment of approximately 230 base pairs. Using two primers recognizing exon 10 of BCR and exon 4 of ABL1, a larger PCR product was identified, cloned, sequenced and defined as an e14a3 BCR-ABL1 rearrangement. The patient was treated with nilotinib and monitored measuring cytogenetic and hematological parameters, while BCR-ABL1 transcripts were surveyed by conventional and semi-nested PCR. The patient achieved a complete hematologic response after two months of treatment followed by a complete cytogenetic remission two months later. Furthermore, PCR and semi-nested PCR failed to detect the e14a3 BCR-ABL1 mRNA after 15 and 21 months of nilotinib, respectively.
BCR-ABL1; Case report; Chronic myeloid leukemia; e14a3; Nilotinib
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/369753
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