Traditionally, the efficacy of an anticancer agent has been measured by response rate. With the development of biological moleculartargeted agents, which have a different mechanism of action from conventional agents, it may be appropriate to consider alternative criteria that reflect the positive effect of these biological agents on disease control, palliation, symptom improvement and quality of life. One such targeted agent is the orally active epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor gefitinib (‘Iressa’, ZD1839). This article reviews the clinical experience of patients with advanced/metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer, who have received gefitinib as part of a clinical trial or through the ‘Iressa’ Expanded Access Programme. Disease-control rates of B50% were observed in some Expanded Access Programme series, comparable with results obtained from Phase II trials. Symptom improvement was also reported. Information that will help identify those patients most likely to respond to treatment will become increasingly important. Therefore, the possible role of prognostic markers and the relationship between epidermal growth factor receptor status and response to gefitinib has been investigated. No clear association between epidermal growth factor receptor expression and response was observed. Future studies of other biomarkers in the epidermal growth factor receptor pathway should help to identify which patients are likely to benefit most from gefitinib. © 2003 Cancer Research UK. All rights reserved.

Extensive experience of disease control with gefitinib and the role of prognostic markers

Soto Parra H.
2003

Abstract

Traditionally, the efficacy of an anticancer agent has been measured by response rate. With the development of biological moleculartargeted agents, which have a different mechanism of action from conventional agents, it may be appropriate to consider alternative criteria that reflect the positive effect of these biological agents on disease control, palliation, symptom improvement and quality of life. One such targeted agent is the orally active epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor gefitinib (‘Iressa’, ZD1839). This article reviews the clinical experience of patients with advanced/metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer, who have received gefitinib as part of a clinical trial or through the ‘Iressa’ Expanded Access Programme. Disease-control rates of B50% were observed in some Expanded Access Programme series, comparable with results obtained from Phase II trials. Symptom improvement was also reported. Information that will help identify those patients most likely to respond to treatment will become increasingly important. Therefore, the possible role of prognostic markers and the relationship between epidermal growth factor receptor status and response to gefitinib has been investigated. No clear association between epidermal growth factor receptor expression and response was observed. Future studies of other biomarkers in the epidermal growth factor receptor pathway should help to identify which patients are likely to benefit most from gefitinib. © 2003 Cancer Research UK. All rights reserved.
Clinical benefit; Disease control; Egfr; Gefitinib (‘Iressa’ zd1839); Prognostic marker; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Antineoplastic Agents; Biomarkers, Tumor; Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung; ErbB Receptors; Female; Gefitinib; Humans; Lung Neoplasms; Male; Middle Aged; Palliative Care; Quinazolines; Survival Analysis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/369787
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