A novel hybrid photoactive material based on graphene foam (G) coupled with porphyrin-based polymers (Porph rings) was formulated by using a time-saving procedure to remove nickel from the final device. Specifically, Porph rings were spin coated onto the G platform with the double function of a visible-light photocatalyst and protective agent during nickel etching. The characterization of G-Porph rings was assessed by Scanning Electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and photoluminescence (PL). The novel material showed photocatalytic ability in degrading different classes of pollutants such as the herbicide 2,4 dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), polyethylene glycol (PEG) as an ingredient of care and health products, and also the methylene blue (MB) dye. UV-Vis spectroscopy, total organic carbon (TOC) and soft mass spectrometry techniques were used to monitor the photocatalytic process. The best performance in terms of photocatalytic efficiency was exhibited versus PEG and MB degradation. Furthermore, to determine the individual contribution of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) produced, free radical and hole scavenging tests were also carried out. Finally, a detailed map of the photocatalytic degradation mechanisms was proposed, reporting also the calculation of Porph rings' Highest Occupied Molecular Orbital (HOMO) and Lowest Occupied Molecular Orbital (LUMO) energy level values.
|Titolo:||Hybrid nickel-free graphene/porphyrin rings for photodegradation of emerging pollutants in water|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|