Broad Copy Number Gains (BCNGs) are copy-number increases of chromosomes or large segments of chromosomal arms. Publicly-available single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array and RNA-Seq data of colon adenocarcinoma (COAD) samples from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) consortium allowed us to design better control groups in order to identify changes in expression due to highly recurrent BCNGs (in chromosomes 20, 8, 7, 13). We identified: (1) Overexpressed Transcripts (OverT), transcripts whose expression increases in "COAD groups bearing a specific BCNG" in comparison to "control COAD groups" not bearing it, and (2) up-regulated/down-regulated transcripts, transcripts whose expression increases/decreases in COAD groups in comparison to normal colon tissue. An analysis of gene expression reveals a correlation between the density of up-regulated genes per selected chromosome and the recurrence rate of their BCNGs. We report an enrichment of gained enhancer activity and of cancer fitness genes among OverT genes. These results support the hypothesis that the chromosomal density of overexpressed cancer fitness genes might play a significant role in the selection of gained chromosomes during cancer evolution. Analysis of functional pathways associated with OverT suggest that some multi-subunit protein complexes (eIF2, eIF3, CSTF and CPSF) are candidate targets for silencing transcriptional therapy.

Chromosomal density of cancer up-regulated genes, aberrant enhancer activity and cancer fitness genes are associated with transcriptional cis-effects of broad copy number gains in colorectal cancer

Condorelli D. F.
;
Privitera A. P.;Barresi V.
2019-01-01

Abstract

Broad Copy Number Gains (BCNGs) are copy-number increases of chromosomes or large segments of chromosomal arms. Publicly-available single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array and RNA-Seq data of colon adenocarcinoma (COAD) samples from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) consortium allowed us to design better control groups in order to identify changes in expression due to highly recurrent BCNGs (in chromosomes 20, 8, 7, 13). We identified: (1) Overexpressed Transcripts (OverT), transcripts whose expression increases in "COAD groups bearing a specific BCNG" in comparison to "control COAD groups" not bearing it, and (2) up-regulated/down-regulated transcripts, transcripts whose expression increases/decreases in COAD groups in comparison to normal colon tissue. An analysis of gene expression reveals a correlation between the density of up-regulated genes per selected chromosome and the recurrence rate of their BCNGs. We report an enrichment of gained enhancer activity and of cancer fitness genes among OverT genes. These results support the hypothesis that the chromosomal density of overexpressed cancer fitness genes might play a significant role in the selection of gained chromosomes during cancer evolution. Analysis of functional pathways associated with OverT suggest that some multi-subunit protein complexes (eIF2, eIF3, CSTF and CPSF) are candidate targets for silencing transcriptional therapy.
2019
Cancer aneuploidy; Cancer fitness; Colorectal cancer; Enhancer; Gene copy number abnormalities; Gene-dosage effect
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/372002
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