The wettability and the adhesion of polyethylene films were improved by introducing polar groups in the polymer chains. The surface properties of films grafted with maleic anhydride (MA) were investigated. The wettability was found to be dependent on the MA content, on the film preparation conditions and on the hydrolytic process of the anhydride groups. The kinetics of the hydrolysis indicated a restructuring of the polymeric surface due to the movement of the polar groups towards the surface; it did not influence the adhesion properties. The behaviour of the maleinized films was compared with oxygen plasma treated materials, which showed a better wettability, but a worse adhesion on polar substrates than the maleinized polyethylene. These results were explained on the basis of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic analyses, by which the main functional groups present at the surface were identified and quantitatively determined.
|Titolo:||Surface Properties and Adhesion of Maleinised Polyethylene Films|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1998|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|