This paper presents the results of an experiment carried out in Southern Italy (Sicily) on the estimation evapotranspiration (ET) in pilot constructed wetlands planted with different species (Chrysopogon zizanioides, Myscanthus x giganteus, Arundo donax, Phragmites australis, and Cyperus papyrus). In the two monitored growing seasons, reference ET0 was calculated with the Penman-Monteith formula, while actual ET and crop coefficients were measured through a water balance and the FAO56 approach, respectively. The highest average seasonal ET value was observed in Phragmites australis (17.31 mm/day) followed by Arundo donax (11.23 mm/day) Chrysopogon zizanioides (8.56 mm/day), Cyperus papyrus (7.86 mm/day), and Myscanthus x giganteus (7.35 mm/day). For all plants, crop coecient values showed dierent patterns in relation to growth stages and were strongly correlated with phenological parameters. Myscanthus x giganteus and Arundo donax showed a water use eciency values significantly higher than those observed for the other tested species. Results of this study may contribute to select appropriate plant species for constructed wetlands located in semi-arid regions, especially when the use of reclaimed water and/or the use of aboveground biomass are planned

Evapotranspiration from horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetlands planted with different perennial plant species

Mirco Milani;Alessia Marzo;Simona Consoli;Giuseppe Cirelli;Delia Ventura;Salvatore Barbagallo
2019

Abstract

This paper presents the results of an experiment carried out in Southern Italy (Sicily) on the estimation evapotranspiration (ET) in pilot constructed wetlands planted with different species (Chrysopogon zizanioides, Myscanthus x giganteus, Arundo donax, Phragmites australis, and Cyperus papyrus). In the two monitored growing seasons, reference ET0 was calculated with the Penman-Monteith formula, while actual ET and crop coefficients were measured through a water balance and the FAO56 approach, respectively. The highest average seasonal ET value was observed in Phragmites australis (17.31 mm/day) followed by Arundo donax (11.23 mm/day) Chrysopogon zizanioides (8.56 mm/day), Cyperus papyrus (7.86 mm/day), and Myscanthus x giganteus (7.35 mm/day). For all plants, crop coecient values showed dierent patterns in relation to growth stages and were strongly correlated with phenological parameters. Myscanthus x giganteus and Arundo donax showed a water use eciency values significantly higher than those observed for the other tested species. Results of this study may contribute to select appropriate plant species for constructed wetlands located in semi-arid regions, especially when the use of reclaimed water and/or the use of aboveground biomass are planned
constructed wetlands; herbaceous species; crop coefficient; evapotranspiration; water use efficiency; biomass production; wastewater reuse
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/373009
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