This study aimed at exploring the mediating role of oral health in the relationships between personality traits and psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics among the elderly. The sample included 119 older adults (Mage = 68.89 SD = 9.75, 51 males) who were assessed through a self-report measure evaluating personality traits, the self-perceived impact of oral health on well-being and quality of life, and the self-perceived impact of dental aesthetics on daily living. Descriptive statistics, bivariate correlations and path coefficients were computed. Findings showed the mediating role of self-perceived oral health, given the positive indirect effects of neuroticism on social and psychological impact and aesthetic concern, and the negative indirect effects of conscientiousness on social impact and aesthetic concern. The interrelationships between personality traits and oral health in predicting psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics in elderly underline the usefulness of a patient-centered approach that clinicians should adopt to improve a healthcare system.
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