Background and aims. Bleeding and staple line leak are the most common postoperative complications of LSG. To prevent and/or to promptly identify such complications, conventional peri-operative protocols imply post-operative gastric decompression (NGT) and staple line drain (IAD). Our aim was to evaluate the role of naso-gastric tube (NGT) and intra-abdominal drain (IAD) in preventing and/or facilitating identification and treatment of post-operative complications after sleeve gastrectomy. Patients and methods. A retrospective observational study on two consecutive series has been undertaken to evaluate the real utility of routine placement of NGT and IAD at the end of a LSG to prevent (primary end-point), promptly identify (secondary end-point) and manage (tertiary end-point) bleeding and staple line leakage. Collected outcome data of all consecutive cases, which underwent primary LSG at our Department, were analyzed. The first 100 consecutive patients (group A) received the standard perioperative protocol and the other consecutive 100 (group B) received a fast track protocol (no NGT neither IAD). Results. The two groups were not different in their outcome. Two bleeding occurred in Group A and were conservatively treated. One abscess developed in group B soon after surgery. It was diagnosed by an abdominal CT performed because patients presented fever, leucocitosis and tachycardia. It was successfully treated by percutaneous ultrasound-guided drainage. One fistula occurred in group B after discharge on 30th post-operative day. Fistula was suspected based on fever and tachycardia in absence of any abdominal discomfort and was confirmed by an abdominal CT. The patient was successfully treated in 40 days by endoscopic positioning of a gastric tube-prosthesis and percutaneous ultrasound-guided drainage of abdominal collection. A third patient in group B experienced bleeding suspected due to hemoglobin drop and confirmed by abdominal CT. He also was conservatively treated. Conclusions. In conclusion, placement of drains does not facilitate detection of leak, abscess, or bleeding after primary LSG.
|Titolo:||Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy for morbid obesity: Role of intraluminal and intraperitoneal postoperative drainage|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
File in questo prodotto:
|Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy for morbid obesity.pdf||Versione Editoriale (PDF)||Open Access Visualizza/Apri|