Safflower (Carthamus tinctoriusL.), a multipurpose plant grown in many areas of the world primarily for oilextraction from seeds for food and industrial application, recently has been drawn attention as a source ofnatural colourants. A two-year study was carried out to examine the combined effects of sowing time (24February, 28 March, 26 April, in 2017; 21 February, 28 March, 24 April, in 2018) and plant density (25 and 50plants/m2)onflorets and pigments (safflomins and carthamin) production in safflower (cv. Catima) in a semi-arid Mediterranean environment. Sowing delay from February to April led to a significant decrease in heads andflorets yield. Indeed, crop growth period was shortened as sowing time was delayed, sinceflowering occurs whenphotoperiod requirements are fulfilled (photoperiodic control) irrespective of thermal time. Single plant wasmore productive at low plant density. However, heads production per unit area was greater at high plant density,i.e. increased plant population overcompensated for heads losses at individual level, irrespective of sowing time.Early sowings also resulted in a higher content of safflomins (up to 54.6 g/100 g) and carthamin (up to 2.97 g/100 g) inflorets. Negative relationships described for both pigments vs. air temperatures reveal how theircontent tends to decrease with the raise of temperature duringflowering. Plant density had no relevant effect onpigments content. Further research on the effects of the agronomic management on pigments production ofsafflower may help to promote the expansion and development of this still underutilized but economicallyimportant crop.
|Titolo:||How do sowing time and plant density affect the pigments safflomins and carthamin in florets of safflower?|
COSENTINO, Salvatore [Conceptualization]
CALCAGNO, SILVIO [Data Curation]
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|